6.22 - 6.22 Olmec – culture emerged by 150 BCE latest...

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Unformatted text preview: 6.22 Olmec – culture, emerged by 150 BCE latest, credit for architecture, social & political institutions, succeeded by Maya Toltec - Teotihuacan - Maya – Succeeds Olmec, period between 300-900 – Classic Era, huge population, 12th century 12 powerful kingdoms, __ century “a powerful kingdom” – 60 kingdoms, agriculture, characterized by a strong military, no strong metal technology – use of wood & stone, no efficient transportation – canoes, no pack animals, ruthless in power, a lot of bloodshed – ritual world, imperialists, center cities – monumental, temples – similar in design to the ziggurats – marked Mayan landscape – restored yearly Tikal - Palenque - Copan – a court for games, performance, an open space with seating Chichen I tza – powerful city late in classical era, series of pyramids, palaces, administrative buildings, designed with east & west axis, based on sky – sun rise & sun set, cities in constant competition – king of the hill, rituals – reaffirming kings identity, set sculptures to reaffirm their...
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6.22 - 6.22 Olmec – culture emerged by 150 BCE latest...

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