5.3 - Today:Developmental Psychology Physical and Cognitive...

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Today: Developmental  Psychology Physical and Cognitive Development: Adulthood (cont.) Social Development Overview Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development
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Physical Development:  Adulthood Late adulthood/old age (65+): Generally a time of physical decline This accelerates throughout old age Examples: Further decreases in strength and stamina Decreased perceptual (sensory) acuity Weakened immune system Disregulated stress response
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Cognitive Development:  Adulthood Late adulthood/old age: Mix of decline and stablility Memory: Recall memory ability declines Recognition memory remains intact Cognition in general: Fluid intelligence declines Crystallized intelligence remains intact
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Social Development:  Overview Social development : changes in social relationships and interactions across the life span Biological influences on social development: strong at first, but vastly weaker with age
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Social Development:  Overview Erik Erikson (1902-1994) Believed development is characterized by a series of challenges Described these in terms of 8 stages of psychosocial development Really, mom? “Erik”?
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”I find it relatively easy to get close to others and am comfortable  depending on them. I don’t often worry about being abandoned or about  someone getting too close to me.” “I find that others are reluctant to get as close as I would like. I often worry  that my partner doesn’t really love me or won’t want to stay with me. I want  to get very close to my partner, and this sometimes scares people away.” ”I am somewhat uncomfortable being close to others; I find it difficult to  trust them completely, difficult to allow myself to depend on them. I am 
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5.3 - Today:Developmental Psychology Physical and Cognitive...

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