8.1(2) - Today:Memory o Encoding o Sensory memory o Working...

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Today: Memory o Encoding o Sensory memory o Working memory o Long-term memory o Storage
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Memory Memories: thoughts, experiences, or associations from the past Memory: the process of making and using memories Encoding : “deciding” which stimuli get stored Storage : representing information in the brain Retrieval : accessing memories for later use
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Encoding Occurs in three stages: 1) Sensory memory 2) Working memory 3) Long-term memory
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Encoding 1) Stimuli appear in sensory memory Sensation itself is very briefly “replayable” thanks to pre- processing in sensory cortical areas e.g., sights ( iconic memory ) and sounds ( echoic memory )
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Encoding 1) If stimuli are processed, they are represented in working memory Limited capacity (7 +/- 2 items) Limited duration (~30 seconds)
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Encoding 3) Some information makes it into long-term memory Essentially unlimited in capacity and duration
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Encoding Automatic processing: effortlessly remembering certain
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This note was uploaded on 08/16/2011 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Dan during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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8.1(2) - Today:Memory o Encoding o Sensory memory o Working...

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