9.1 - Today: Memory & Cognition Memory Memory...

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Unformatted text preview: Today: Memory & Cognition Memory Memory Errors Cognition What is cognition? Concepts Problem-solving strategies Errors and Biases Language Memory Errors False Memories We sometimes fill gaps in memory with information that seems to make sense The downside to the power of semantic encoding This process can build on incorrect information to create false memories This is called the misinformation effect (Loftus) False memories facilitated by source amnesia Remembering semantic information but forgetting episodic information about semantic memory acquisition Memory Errors Forgetting Failure to encode Fading memories Decay of memory trace Inability to retrieve it Interference Proactive (past info interferes with new) Retroactive (new info interferes with past) What is cognition? Cognition: processing, understanding, and communicating information Organizing information Solving problems What is cognition? Concepts Concepts : mental grouping of similar objects, events, or ideas (schemas) The basic building blocks of cognition Concepts Concepts : mental grouping of similar objects, events, or ideas (schemas) The basic building blocks of cognition Concepts are frequently organized into hierarchies Frameworks of specific concepts nested within general concepts Concepts...
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9.1 - Today: Memory & Cognition Memory Memory...

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