10.1(1) - Today:Cognition& Intelligence Cognition Language...

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Intelligence Cognition Language Structure Function Nature and Nurture Language and thought Intelligence What is intelligence?
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Errors and Biases Another bias: confirmation bias eagerness to search for information that confirms our ideas
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Language Structure Morphemes: Elementary units of meaning Words : represent morphemes Comprised of phonemes: Basic sounds of speech Semantics: “Rules” for how words represent morphemes Syntax: Rules we use to order words into sentences
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Language Function Arbitrary: No inherent connection between language symbols and their meanings Flexible: connection between symbols and meanings can shift Naming ability: novel thing/experience can be described Displacement ability: language symbols can refer to other places than “here,” other times than “now” Productive : n ew sentences and other combinations can be created
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Language Nature and Nurture B.F. Skinner versus Noam Chomsky
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This note was uploaded on 08/16/2011 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Dan during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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10.1(1) - Today:Cognition& Intelligence Cognition Language...

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