14 - IP: Internet protocol addresses Uniform addressing,...

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IP: Internet protocol addresses Uniform addressing, the IP address hierarchy, address classes, dotted decimal notation, special addresses, routers and addresses, address resolution
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Uniform addressing Internet protocols deal in packets and provide uniform addressing The addressing scheme is defined in software and is used transparently by applications Internet addressing is specified in the IP protocol Each host is assigned a unique 32 bit address
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The IP address hierarchy Each 32 bit address is divided into two parts prefix: physical network to which the host is attached - the network number suffix: a host attached to a given physical network Prefixes are coordinated globally and suffixes locally
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Classes of IP address Size of prefix and suffix determines maximum number of networks and maximum number of hosts per network IP defines different classes of address with different sized prefixes and suffixes The first four bits of the address specify its class
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The five classes of IP address
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Dotted decimal notation Makes it easier to for humans to use addresses (names are also possible)
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Classes and dotted decimal
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This note was uploaded on 08/14/2011 for the course ELECTRONIC G52CCN taught by Professor Professorgail during the Spring '09 term at Uni. Nottingham.

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14 - IP: Internet protocol addresses Uniform addressing,...

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