9. Revising for Emphasis

9. Revising for Emphasis - Revising for Emphasis(Making It...

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Unformatted text preview: Revising for Emphasis (Making It Look Good) Strategies for Revising • Look at it from the readers point of view • Revise in multiple passes – #1 Content and Organization * – #2 Coherence * – #3 Emphasis; Proofing 2 Use plain, simple language Avoid affectation 3 What is Active Voice? • Subject => Verb => Object • Subject does to the object – Harry started the car – Tom ate the whole thing – The author wrote the book with the help of a ghost writer • You can change the normal word order of active sentences so that the subject is no longer active, but is, instead, being acted upon by the verb - or passive. – The car was started by Harry – The whole thing was eaten by Tom – The book was written by the author with the help of a ghost writer. 5 Active and Passive Voice • A sentence is in active voice if the subject of the sentence acts • A sentence is passive if the subject is acted upon • Examples – The committee members were introduced by David Cohen (Passive) – David Cohen introduced the committee members (Active) 6 Active and Passive Voice • Use active voice to achieve emphasis. It allows the reader to move quickly from – actor (subject) to – action performed (verb) to – the receiver of the action (object) • Passive voice sentences – Tend to be longer – Often make the reader read to the end of the sentence to find out who performed the action • Maintain consistency of voice When to Use Passive Voice • What are the exceptions – the doer of the action is unknown, unwanted, or unneeded in the sentence • The firm was founded in 1924 • The tree was uprooted in the storm. – the writer wishes to emphasize the action of the sentence rather than the doer of the action • The national debt ceiling was exceeded last month • The dog was quarantined for rabies testing – the writer wishes to use passive voice for sentence variety. Active and Passive are Best Learned by Examples • Here is a web site that may help you: – http://www.towson.edu/ows/index.htm – From the menu choose Active/Passive • Active voice is more forceful. This is the usual voice used in business communication Pronouns • Pronoun is a word that substitutes for a noun • The noun being replaced is the antecedent • A sentence could be made up of all pronouns – Lisa gave the coat to Phil – She gave it to him Pronouns Pronoun-Antecedent number agreement – Pronoun must agree in number (singular or plural) with the noun it refers to Pronoun-Antecedent gender agreement – pronoun must agree with the noun it refers to in gender (masculine, feminine or neuter) 10 Pronouns...
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This note was uploaded on 08/14/2011 for the course BUS 100 taught by Professor Moshiri during the Spring '08 term at UC Riverside.

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9. Revising for Emphasis - Revising for Emphasis(Making It...

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