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BUS101_Ch12_lecture_4in1

BUS101_Ch12_lecture_4in1 - Objectives Management...

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Management Information Systems, Sixth Edition Chapter 12: Systems Planning and Development 2 Objectives • Explain the importance of and steps in IT planning • Describe the systems development life cycle, which is the traditional approach to systems development • Explain the challenges involved in systems development • List the advantages and disadvantages of different system conversion strategies 3 Objectives (continued) • Enumerate and explain the principles of agile systems development methods • Be able to contribute a meaningful set of requirements when serving on a project development team for a new or modified IS • Explain the concept of systems integration • Discuss whether IS professionals should be certified 4 Planning Information Systems • Enterprise ISs are gaining in popularity • However, they: – Require a substantial investment – Carry a high risk in implementation • Successful integration of the system is vital – Must align IT strategies with the overall organization strategies • Careful planning of an IS implementation is necessary
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5 Steps in Planning Information Systems • IT planning includes several key steps: – Create a corporate and IT mission statement – Articulate the vision for IT within the organization – Create IT strategic and tactical plans – Create a plan for operations to achieve the mission and vision – Create a budget to ensure that resources are available to achieve the mission and vision 6 Steps in Planning Information Systems (continued) • Mission statement: communicates the most important overarching goal of organization – Includes how the goals will be achieved • IS mission statement: describes the role of IT in the organization – Should be compatible with the organizational mission statement – Includes the ideal combination of hardware, software, and networking to support the mission 7 Steps in Planning Information Systems (continued) • CIO develops a strategic plan for implementation of IT in the organization: – What technology will be used by employees, customers, and suppliers • Goals in the plan are broken down into objectives, such as: – Resources to be acquired or developed – Timetables for acquiring and implementing resources – Training Steps in Planning Information Systems (continued) • Objectives are broken down to operational details • IT planning is similar to planning of other resource acquisitions • Growing proportion of IT funds is spent on software in recent years – More purchasing and adapting of software – Less developing in-house software 8
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9 The Benefits of Standardization in Planning • One major goal and advantage of planning is standardization • Benefits include: – Cost savings: better bargaining power in purchasing and leasing hardware and software – Efficient training: a smaller variety of software reduces employee training needs – Efficient support: enables more staff specialization 10 From Planning to Development
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