BUS101_Ch12_lecture_4in1

BUS101_Ch12_lecture_4in1 - Objectives Management...

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Management Information Systems, Sixth Edition Chapter 12: Systems Planning and Development 2 Objectives Explain the importance of and steps in IT planning Describe the systems development life cycle, which is the traditional approach to systems development Explain the challenges involved in systems development List the advantages and disadvantages of different system conversion strategies 3 Objectives (continued) Enumerate and explain the principles of agile systems development methods Be able to contribute a meaningful set of requirements when serving on a project development team for a new or modified IS Explain the concept of systems integration Discuss whether IS professionals should be certified 4 Planning Information Systems Enterprise ISs are gaining in popularity However, they: – Require a substantial investment – Carry a high risk in implementation Successful integration of the system is vital – Must align IT strategies with the overall organization strategies Careful planning of an IS implementation is necessary
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5 Steps in Planning Information Systems IT planning includes several key steps: – Create a corporate and IT mission statement – Articulate the vision for IT within the organization – Create IT strategic and tactical plans – Create a plan for operations to achieve the mission and vision – Create a budget to ensure that resources are available to achieve the mission and vision 6 Steps in Planning Information Systems (continued) Mission statement : communicates the most important overarching goal of organization – Includes how the goals will be achieved IS mission statement : describes the role of IT in the organization – Should be compatible with the organizational mission statement – Includes the ideal combination of hardware, software, and networking to support the mission 7 Steps in Planning Information Systems (continued) CIO develops a strategic plan for implementation of IT in the organization: – What technology will be used by employees, customers, and suppliers Goals in the plan are broken down into objectives, such as: – Resources to be acquired or developed – Timetables for acquiring and implementing resources – Training Steps in Planning Information Systems (continued) Objectives are broken down to operational details IT planning is similar to planning of other resource acquisitions Growing proportion of IT funds is spent on software in recent years – More purchasing and adapting of software – Less developing in-house software 8
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9 The Benefits of Standardization in Planning One major goal and advantage of planning is standardization Benefits include: – Cost savings : better bargaining power in purchasing and leasing hardware and software – Efficient training : a smaller variety of software reduces employee training needs – Efficient support : enables more staff specialization 10 From Planning to Development
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BUS101_Ch12_lecture_4in1 - Objectives Management...

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