History of State and - Justice official in Washington, was...

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Running head: HISTORY OF STATE AND FEDERAL PRISON 1 History of State and Federal Prison Artina Houston CJS/230 July 27, 2011 Ivan Biss
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HISTORY OF STATE AND FEDERAL PRISON 2 History of State and Federal Prison The 19 th century saw the birth of the State Prison. The design for this prison was basis on the 1700s to 1800s during the Age of Enlightenment. The English referred it to “gaol”, which is commonly known today as a jail. (Foster, 2003) The then “Department of Corrections” housed all adult felons throughout the state. The first national penitentiary was completed at Millbank in London in 1816. In 1842, Pentonville prison was built using the panopticon design, which is still used today. In 1877 prisons were brought under the control of the Prison Commission. For the first time even local prisons were controlled centrally. (www.howardleague.org.) The Federal Prison System existed for more than 30 years before the establishment of the Bureau of Prison in 1930. Its wardens functional almost autonomously, the Superintendent of Prison, a Department of
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Unformatted text preview: Justice official in Washington, was normally in charge. This started the passage if the Three Prison Act in 1891, which was authorized by the Federal Governments first three penitentiaries. As a result of the Federal Law Enforcement efforts and new legislation, it dramatically altered sentencing in the Federal Criminal Justice System. By 1940, the Bureau had grown to 24 facilities with 24, 360 inmates. The prison became one of the sanctions available to the courts to deal with those who commit criminal offences. Imprisonment today is the harshest sanction available, but before they were built when you commit a crime it was much, much worst. HISTORY OF STATE AND FEDERAL PRISON 3 References Foster, B. (2006). Corrections: The Fundamentals . Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall. Howard League. (2011). History of State and Federal Prison. Retrieved from http://www.howardleague.org/history-of-prison-system/...
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This note was uploaded on 08/14/2011 for the course CRIMINAL J cis taught by Professor Akmid during the Spring '11 term at University of Phoenix.

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History of State and - Justice official in Washington, was...

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