juvenile final - There has been much of a debate over...

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There has been much of a debate over whether or not punishment or rehabilitation should be the prime focus of the juvenile justice system. In the past, the focus has gone from punishment to rehabilitation and back again. This swing seems to occur based more on the community's response to juvenile delinquents rather than on how well either one of these strategies will actually work. Rehabilitation should be the primary focus of the juvenile justice system; however, punishment should not be abolished all together. This paper will explore many reasons why rehabilitation should be the main focus of the juvenile justice system. The purpose of this paper is to inform the audience about rehabilitation. It will be defined as programs and therapies that will allow any juvenile delinquent to reenter the society as a contributing member to their community. Examples of such programs are behavior modification therapies, education, work programs, and counseling. Each of these programs are aiming to correct an areas that needs such improving or correction in. The juvenile justice system should focus on rehabilitation because it can reduce time spent incarcerated, it can address more of the needs of delinquents, it allows delinquents to become more productive members of society, and it can reduce the costs associated with incarcerating youths. The article Juvenile Justice states that we should encourage more rehabilitation. It also states that focusing on punishment rather than rehabilitation is "leading to more repeat offenders, and ultimately, depriving both society and the offenders themselves of their full
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potential." (The League of Young Voters. 2009) The reasoning behind this is that offenders are being punished for their delinquent acts but are not necessarily learning how to reenter society as productive members. As Mellen states "Juvenile courts were designed to be flexible, informal, and to rehabilitate." (Mellen, 2008) Rehabilitation offers offenders a chance to learn about their behavior, how it impacts society, and what they can do to change that behavior. In this way upon completing rehabilitation these juvenile offenders can reenter society. When the reenter society they know that they can be successful, contributing members of society. Without rehabilitation many offenders will go into adulthood to continue their delinquent behavior. Many of these individuals feel that rehabilitation would have been beneficial to them. The article Public Willing to Pay More for Rehabilitation of Juvenile Offenders states "nine out of ten people surveyed believe that 'almost all you who commit crimes have the potential to change. (Public Willing to Pay More for Rehabilitation of Juvenile Offenders, 2009) Day, Howells and Rickwood inform us "Research conducted in juvenile justice settings around the world consistently shows that young people who come to the attention of criminal justice agencies have
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This note was uploaded on 08/14/2011 for the course CRIMINAL J cis taught by Professor Akmid during the Spring '11 term at University of Phoenix.

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juvenile final - There has been much of a debate over...

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