AG165 Unit 6-Notes PART 2.pdf - 6.3.2 B o t a n i c a l c h a r a c t e ri s t i c s a n d v a ri e t i e s The coffee plant belongs to the Family

AG165 Unit 6-Notes PART 2.pdf - 6.3.2 B o t a n i c a l c h...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 36 pages.

6.3.2 Botanical characteristics and varieties The coffee plant belongs to the Family, Rubiaceae, which consists of 400 genera and 5,000 species (see figure 8.14). Plants in this family are mostly tropical; a few well known or familiar members besides coffee, are Cinchona (source of quinine); ornamentals such as Gardenia, Ixora and Mussaenda . The plant is in the Genus, Coffea which is taxonomically confused, i.e. taxonomists are not in agreement as to the composition of the genus. The genus, probably contain around 60 species with the greatest number in tropical Africa. There are many important economic species, varieties, mutants and cultivars. Figure 6.14: Arabica Coffee A young fruiting plant A mature fruiting plant Source: Falaniko Amosa
Image of page 1