07112011_03_Culture+and+Identities

07112011_03_Culture - Long-Term Orientation(LTO • Long-Term Orientation is the fifth dimension of Hofstede which was added after the original

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Unformatted text preview: Long-Term Orientation (LTO) • Long-Term Orientation is the fifth dimension of Hofstede which was added after the original four to try to distinguish the difference in thinking between the East and West. • Long term orientation • Persistence • ordering relationships by status and observing this order • Thrift • having a sense of shame • Short term orientation • personal steadiness and stability • protecting your ‘face’ • respect for tradition • reciprocation of greetings, favors, and gifts 1 Long-Term Orientation (LTO) 2 U.S.: 29 China: 118 Japan: 80 Germany: 31 Brazil: 65 Norway: 20 India: 61 Ghana: John Searle 3 John Rogers Searle (born July 31, 1932) is an American philosopher and Currently the Slusser Professor of Philosophy at the University of California, Berkeley. The Construction of Social Reality (1995) • "X counts as Y in C“ • Green paper Lecture 3 Culture and Identities Pscych166 AC: Cultural Psychology Outline • Definition and Classification of identity • Identity development and formation • Cultural Differences on Social identity 5 1. Definition and Classification of Identity • A subjective sense as well as an observable quality of personal sameness and continuity, paired with some beliefs in the sameness and continuity. Erik Erikson, 1968 6 1.1 Personal identity vs. Social Identity • There are many identities (race, religion, ethnicity, gender, …), but social identity distinct from personal identity. • Personal identity = that part of the self-concept comprising our individual qualities that make us unique and different from others • Social identity = that part of the self-concept derived from our perceived membership of social groups (Hogg & Vaughan, 2002) • Social identity includes shared norms & rules, goals & purposes; views toward “others”, values and world views, … • Personal identities includes self presentation, self understanding, self motivation… 7 1.2 Classification of Social Identities • Race Identity : identification with a socially defined racial category or phenotype, which is influenced by racial stratification and historical oppression of racial minorities (Gillem, Cohn, & Throne, 2001; Helms & Cook, 1999). 8 The scientific reality about race • Human beings (Homo Sapiens) are a relatively homogeneous species • 75% of the known genes are the same in all humans, The remaining 25% exist in more than one form, but all these forms occur in all groups; • If any ethnic group were to disappear overnight, the genetic composition of the species would hardly change • Many race-related health issues are more likely to social economic based . 9 Why should we still discuss race as cultural...
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This note was uploaded on 08/15/2011 for the course PSYCH 166AC taught by Professor Peng during the Summer '11 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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07112011_03_Culture - Long-Term Orientation(LTO • Long-Term Orientation is the fifth dimension of Hofstede which was added after the original

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