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07112011_03_Culture+and+Identities

07112011_03_Culture+and+Identities -...

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Long-Term Orientation (LTO) • Long-Term Orientation is the fifth dimension of Hofstede  which was added after the original four to try to  distinguish the difference in thinking between the East  and West. • Long term orientation • Persistence • ordering relationships by status and observing this order • Thrift • having a sense of shame • Short term orientation • personal steadiness and stability • protecting your ‘face’ • respect for tradition • reciprocation of greetings, favors, and gifts  1
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Long-Term Orientation (LTO) 2 U.S.: 29 China: 118 Japan: 80 Germany: 31 Brazil: 65 Norway: 20 India: 61 Ghana: 16
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John Searle 3 John Rogers Searle  (born July 31, 1932)  is an American philosopher and Currently  the Slusser Professor of Philosophy at the  University of California, Berkeley. The Construction of Social Reality  (1995) "X counts as Y in C“ Green paper 
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Lecture 3 Culture and Identities Pscych166 AC:  Cultural Psychology
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Outline Definition and Classification of identity Identity development and formation Cultural Differences on Social identity 5
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1. Definition and Classification of Identity A subjective sense as well as an observable  quality of personal sameness and continuity,  paired with some beliefs in the sameness and  continuity.  Erik Erikson, 1968 6
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1.1 Personal identity vs. Social Identity • There are many identities (race, religion, ethnicity, gender, …), but  social identity distinct from personal identity. Personal identity  = that part of the self-concept comprising  our individual qualities that make us unique and different  from others Social identity  = that part of the self-concept derived from  our perceived membership of social groups (Hogg &  Vaughan, 2002)  • Social identity includes shared norms & rules, goals &  purposes; views toward “others”, values and world views, … • Personal identities includes self presentation, self  understanding, self motivation…   7
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1.2  Classification of Social Identities Race Identity : identification with a socially  defined racial category or phenotype, which is  influenced by racial stratification and historical  oppression of racial minorities (Gillem, Cohn, &  Throne, 2001; Helms & Cook, 1999).  8
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The scientific reality about race • Human beings (Homo Sapiens) are a relatively  homogeneous species • 75% of the known genes are the same in all humans, The  remaining 25% exist in more than one form, but all these  forms occur in all groups; • If any ethnic group were to disappear overnight, the  genetic composition of the species would hardly change • Many race-related health issues are more likely to social  economic based .   9
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