07292011_10_Culture+and+Morality

07292011_10_Culture+and+Morality - Lecture 10 Culture and...

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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 10 Culture and Morality Psych166 AC: Cultural Psychology What is Morality? Morality consists of the rules of conduct based on conscience or the sense of right and wrong individual have. 2 Are these behaviors immoral? A 10-year-old child says dirty words to his/her parents. An employee openly unjustifiably criticizes his/her boss. A cleaning person slept in the sofa of the company president, thought no one was watching. An employer regularly leaves work an hour early when no one else is around. A 16-year-old refuses to give up his/her seat on the bus to a crippled old lady. Someone is cutting in front of others in a long line. An lady was a member of Nazi Party but didnt tell the authority when she came to the US A person faked an injury after an automobile accident in order to collect on insurance. A person is eating dog meat. A person is peering inside a church. A person is having sex with a corpse. A 82-year-old male married a 28-year-old female. 3 Basic questions of moral psychology the role of reason in moral judgment the role of character in fostering moral behavior the role of emotion in moral judgment the nature of moral motivation the sources of moral disagreement, and the prospects for resolving moral disagreement the extent to which moral knowledge is innate the extent to which genuinely altruistic behavior is possible 4 A Moral Dilemma Heinz needs a particular expensive drug to help his wife who is dying of a certain cancer. The pharmacist who invented and controls the supply of the drug has refused Heizns offer to give him all the money he now has, which would be half the necessary sum, and to pay the rest later. Heinz must now decide whether to steal the drug to save his wife, that is to violate the rules and laws of the society to respond to the needs of his wife, or to obey the rules and laws of the society and let his wife die. What should Heizn do, and why? 5 1. Development of Moral Reasoning Kohlbergs theory of moral development Preconventional Level (up to age nine): Self Focused Obeying rules and avoiding punishment. Satisfaction of the child's needs and gain reward. Conventional morality (age nine to adolescence): Other Focused Morality Seeking approval/ avoid disapproval by people who we value. Law and order....
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07292011_10_Culture+and+Morality - Lecture 10 Culture and...

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