Fungi Study Guide word

Fungi Study Guide word - Fungi Study Guide Fungal terms you...

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Fungi Study Guide Fungal terms you should be familiar with: Mycelium -mass of hyphae Hyphae -a long, branching filamentous structure of a fungus Yeast -unicellular fungus, reproduces asexually by budding Dimorphic -can change from yeast <---> mycelium Ascomycot a-have an ascus (holds ascospores internally) in the sexually fruiting body, largest stage in the life cycle is the haploid mycelium Basidiomycota - have a basidium (holds basidiospores externally) in the sexually fruiting body, largest stage in the life cycle is the dikaryon Ascus -a sac-like structure that holds the ascospores internally in the fruiting body Basidium -a club-like structure that holds the basidiospores externally in the fruiting body Ascospore -a spore produced inside the ascus Basidiospore - a spore produced in the basidium Dikaryon - n + n stage where there are two distinct nuclei in the cell mitospore (asexual spore)- result of mitosis meiospore (sexual spore)- result of meiosis fruiting body -spore producing structures, provides diversity in the fungal world Saprobe -decomposers, break down organic matter (cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin), important in the carbon cycle white rot -all cell walls are broken down brown rot - when only lignin is left secondary metabolite -organic compounds that are not essential for growth, play a role in competition among saprobe Antibiotic- Penicilin against bacteria, Mycotoxin- important for pathogenicity and virulence Aflatoxin- acute and chronic (associated with dry products ,nuts, beans, corn,)
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Fungi Study Guide word - Fungi Study Guide Fungal terms you...

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