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study+guide+1-1 (2) - Study Guide 1 Geology - study of the...

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Study Guide 1 Geology - study of the Earth. Catastrophism - 17 - 18th century doctrine - Earth's landscape shaped primarily by great catastrophes (Noah’s flood). James Hutton - late 18th century -father of modern geology: Uniformitarianism - physical, chemical, and biological laws that have operated today also operated in the geologic past. "The present is the key to the past." Charles Lyell - produced various versions of Principles of Geology (1830-1872) where he championed uniformitarianism. Meteorites are believed to represent the primitive material of the solar system. The universe believed to be about 14 Ga. Big Bang - origin of the universe. matter was concentrated with infinite density at a single point, from which it exploded (~13.8 Ga); hypothetical release of all the energy, matter, and antimatter in existence. Nebular hypothesis - the bodies of the solar system formed from an enormous cloud of H, He. Nucleosynthesis : elements heavier than B, but lighter than Ni, are formed in star interiors. Supernovae : exploding massive stars produce heavy elements, and distribute matter to distant regions of the galaxy. Earth divided into distinct shells or spheres:
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This note was uploaded on 08/17/2011 for the course GEOLOGY 201 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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study+guide+1-1 (2) - Study Guide 1 Geology - study of the...

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