Lecture 16

Lecture 16 - © E.Garcia 2010 FST 1 – Main topics –...

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Unformatted text preview: © E.Garcia 2010 FST 1 – Main topics – Lecture 16 1990 Nutrition Labeling and Education Act (NLEA) required all packaged foods to contain standardized nutritional information. Food products label must have the Governmental agencies regulate all aspects of the food system to ensure a safe food name of the product, a net weight, an ingredient statement, processor name and supply, starting at the farm, through proper manufacture practices, inspection of food address. Most products require a statement of Nutrition Facts. processing plants, product labeling, and distribution. Federal legislation regulating Food products dating food safety originated in the early 1900s. "sell by“ date tells the store how long to display the product for sale. Consumers Food Regulations From colonial times until late 1800s, most food was regulated at the state and local level. For example, in the 1600s Virginia laws regulated weights and measures for corn. In the 1650s, Massachusetts legislation regulated the quality of bread. From early times to about 1820, food adulteration was not a serious problem. Food adulteration: cheapening of products through the addition of impure or inferior ingredients. It may result in may result in economic loss and health risks to consumers. Intentional food adulteration increased in the early 1800s. Adulteration became more frequent and more serious! Some examples of adulteration: ‐ Cayenne pepper mixed with mercury sulfide; ‐ Vinegar mixed with sulfuric acid ‐ Tea with spent and redried leaves; ‐ Milk diluted with water After a long legislative battle, in 1906 the Pure Food and Drugs Act was enacted; it was the first federal pure food law. The 1938 Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act replaced the 1906 law; it gave the FDA greater authority over the food and drug industry. It is the main law regulating the U.S. food supply. Major food safety amendments followed (1954 ‐1968). Our food supply is now monitored mainly by two federal agencies: FDA and USDA: FDA ‐ Food and Drug Administration; USDA ‐ United States Department of Agriculture The FDA is responsible for ensuring that foods are safe, wholesome and sanitary. It has jurisdiction over all food, except for meat, poultry, and egg products. The USDA is responsible for ensuring the safety and labeling of meats, poultry, and egg products. The FDA also regulates the labeling and safety of bottled water. The national standards for drinking water from municipal water supplies are set by the EPA, the Environmental Protection Agency. Dietary supplements are also regulated by the FDA, but under a different set of regulations than “conventional” foods. The FDA can take action against dietary supplements only after they are proven to be unsafe. should not buy the product after this date. "best if used by" (or "before") date tells consumers how long the product will retain its best flavor or quality (not a purchase or safety date!) Expiration date refers to safety; it indicates the last date a food should be eaten or used. After the expiration date food may not be safe to eat. 2004 Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act Food labels must clearly identify the food source of the 8 most common food allergens: milk, eggs, peanuts, fish, shellfish, wheat, tree nuts, and soybeans. Ingredients MUST be listed by their common name, the name of the food source must appear, ex.: flour (wheat), whey (milk), lecithin (soy). Country of Origin Labeling (COOL) signed in 2002, took effect in 2009. It requires retailers to provide information about the source of specific food items. It covers: ‐ meats (beef and veal, pork, lamb, goat, and chicken); ‐ fish and shellfish (wild and farm‐raised), and ‐ fresh and frozen fruits and vegetables. _____________ California Proposition 65 (1986) is a state law: The Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act. It regulates substances listed by California as causing cancer or birth defects or other reproductive harm. It requires that products sold in California must carry a warning label when these products contain hazardous chemicals listed in the proposition. Examples: Warning for ceramic tableware marked with a yellow triangle on the packaging "WARNING: Use of this tableware will expose you to lead, a chemical known to the State of California to cause birth defects or other reproductive harm.” Warning for lead glassware (lead crystal) "WARNING: Consuming foods or beverages that have been kept or served in leaded crystal products will expose you to lead, a chemical known to the State of California to cause birth defects or other reproductive harm.” _____________ FYI 1. Food Labels (pdf file posted on the course web page) 2. Food Tampering (pdf file posted on the course web page) 3. http://images.businessweek.com/ss/06/09/foodlabel/index_01.htm ...
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This note was uploaded on 08/16/2011 for the course FST 001 taught by Professor Charlesf.shoemaker during the Winter '10 term at UC Davis.

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