Daft 2 - Management, Ninth Edition Richard L. Daft,...

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Management, Ninth Edition Richard L. Daft, Patricia G. Lane South-Western Cengage Learning, 2008 Daft Management Book Summary Chapter 2 Management and Organization: Social forces - Aspects of a culture that guide and influence relationships among people. These forces shape what is known as the social contract , which refers to the unwritten, common rules and perceptions about relationships among people and between employees and management. Political forces - The influence of political and legal institutions on people and organizations. Include basic assumptions underlying the political system, such as desirability of self-government, property rights, contract rights, the definition of justice, and the determination of innocence or guilt of a crime. Economic forces - The availability, production, and distribution of resources in a society. Classical Perspective: The early study of management Scientific Management - emphasizes scientifically determined jobs and management practices as the way to improve efficiency and labor productivity. Frederick Winslow Taylor proposed that workers “could be retooled like machines, their physical and mental gears recalibrated for better productivity” - labeled scientific management. Bureaucratic organizations - A subfield within the classical perspective that emphasized management on an impersonal, rational basis through such elements as clearly defined authority and responsibility, formal recordkeeping, and separation of management and
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This note was uploaded on 08/16/2011 for the course ECON 300 taught by Professor Laren during the Spring '11 term at Missouri State University-Springfield.

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Daft 2 - Management, Ninth Edition Richard L. Daft,...

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