Chapter 3 - Ant 2511 Summer A 08 Perspective 5 Knowledge of...

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Ant 2511 Summer A 08 Chap 3: Biological Basis of Life 1. Introduction 0. Human evolution and adaptation 1. Linked to processes that involve: 2. Cells 3. Duplication and decoding genetic information 4. Transmission of this information between generations Perspective 5. Knowledge of basic principles of genetics needed to understand human evolution and adaptation various 6. Genetics ultimately links the sub-disciplines of biological anthropology Genetics: 0. The study of how traits transmitted from one generation to next 1. Crucial to understanding process of evolution 2. Most Knowledge in last 50 years 2. The Cell 0. Cells are the basic or fundamental unit of life 1. Some living organism are single cell 2. Prokaryotic 3. (bacteria) 4. Multicellular organism made of 5. Complex eukaryotic cells 6. Contain nucleus with chromosomes Structure of a Eukaryotic Cell Nucleus
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7. Contains two nucleic acids 3. with genetic information 8. DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) 9. RNA (ribonucleic acid) Types of Cells 10. Two types 11. 1. Somatic cells 4. Body tissue 12. 2. Gametes 5. Sex cells (sperm or ova) 6. Reproduction 3. DNA Structure 7. Properties discovered in 1953 8. DNA is a double-stranded molecule 9. Two chains of nucleotides Nucleotide 10. Basic units of DNA molecule 11. Single nucleotide is composed of a sugar and a , phosphate 12. And one of four DNA bases (A,G,T,C) 4. DNA Replication 13. DNA molecules make copies of themselves 14. Enzymes break bond between strands 15. Attract complementary nucleotides
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This note was uploaded on 08/16/2011 for the course ANT 2511 taught by Professor Sinelli during the Spring '08 term at University of Central Florida.

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Chapter 3 - Ant 2511 Summer A 08 Perspective 5 Knowledge of...

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