Chapter 10 keywords - Ant 2511 09Summer A Chap10 Premodern...

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Ant 2511 09Summer A Chap10 Premodern Humans Introduction** Premoderns After Homo erectus Before anatomically modern human Includes “Homo heidelbergensis” When, Where and What** When? The Pleistocene* Ice Age Most premoderns Middle Pleistocene Some Later premodern, especially the Neandertals into the Upper Pleistocene Glaciations Northern areas Europe and Asia uninhabitable Where? Middle Pleistocene Hominids* Throughout Old World What? Earliest premoderns Some Homo erectus characteristics Modern features Larger brain Rounded brain case (not wider at base) Classify Disagreement Homo heidelbergensis More consensus Fossils from Africa and Europe Placed within Homo heidelbergensis Archaic Homo sapiens Older Name for Premoderns Were considered a primitive “Homo sapiens” Now classified as species “Homo heidelbergensis” 1
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Transitional species Ancestor both modern humans and Neandertals Premodern Humans of the Middle Pleistocene** 1) Africa 2) Europe 3) Asia Africa* Premodern fossils in South and East Kabwe One of best known Complete cranium Mixture of older and recent traits Bodo One of earliest Homo heidelbergensis in Africa Europe* More Middle Pleistocene fossils found in Europe than other regions Gran Dolina Northern Spain at Atapuerca 850,000 B.C. Fossils not Homo erectus Another species according to Spanish researchers Or earliest “Homo heidelbergensis” found Other Homo heidlelbergenis Sites in Europe Like African counterparts show some Homo erectus traits and more derived traits (toward modern) Ehringsdorf (Germany) Steinheim (Germany) Swanscomber (England) Arago (France) Atapuerca (Spain) Sima de los Huesos at Atapuerca Another site near Gran Dolina in Spain (pile of bones) Most Middle Pleistocene hominids remains found in world 2
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Sima de los Huesos Morphology Early Neandertal-like pattern Arching eyebrows Projecting midface) Homo heidlelbergensis or a very early Neandertal ancestor ?
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Chapter 10 keywords - Ant 2511 09Summer A Chap10 Premodern...

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