Exam 5 Review - 1 CHAP 01 INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 CHAP 01 INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY Introduction Physical anthropology … the study of humankind from a biological and cultural perspective How evolutionary forces shaped human development Hominids Humans from taxonomic view are hominids” Evolution Change in genetic makeup Studied on two levels Microevolution Genetic alterations within population Macroevolution Genetic change resulting in new species ) Culture and Evolution Humans are result of “ biocultural evolution” Culture and biology interacted over time What is Anthropology There are several subfields of Anthropology Archaeology Studies and interprets material remains Primary information from artifacts and material culture Physical Anthropology The study of “human biology” within the framework of evolution. And the interaction between biology and culture Several subfields in Physical Anthropology Paleoanthropology Study of human evolution As evidenced by fossil record behavior
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 Primatology: Study of nonhuman primates Osteology: Studies s keletons Paleopathology Subdivision of osteology Study of disease and injury of human skeletal remains Forensic anthropology Applying anthropology to legal matters Often identify skeletal remains Ant 2511 Summer A08 Chap 02: THE DEVELOPMENT OF EVOLUTIONARY THEORY The Theory of Evolution Evolution is one of most fundamental of biological processes Brief History of Evolutionary Thought World View of Middle Ages European world view was that nature – forms of life never changed The most important influence was the powerful religious system in which teachings of Christianity were taken literally. Beliefs included: 1) Fixity of species (life-forms couldn’t change) 2) Brief existence of earth Impossible to conceive of biological evolution until these concepts changed Carolus Linnaeus Classification plants and animals Systema Naturae (1735)
Background image of page 2
3 Added “class” and “order” Basis of taxonomy today Placed “Homo sapiens” in same taxonomic scheme as other animals Jean-Baptiste Lamarck First attempt to explain evolution Inheritance of acquired characteristics Georges Cuvier Concept of “extinction” to explain fossils Catastrophism Charles Lyell Founder of modern geology Principles of Geology (1830-33) Uniformitarianism Charles Darwin (1809-1882 ) Medical student interested in Lamarck and geology Expedition of “Beagle” in 1831 S. American and Galapagos included Natural Selection Darwin “Selection” key to evolution “Individuals” with favorable variation survive and reproduce Natural Selection in Action Peppered Moth Pepper moths in England best documented modern example Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
4 Chap 3: Biological Basis of Life Genetics : The study of how traits transmitted from one generation to
Background image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 39

Exam 5 Review - 1 CHAP 01 INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online