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Family Violence - Study Guide 1

Family Violence - Study Guide 1 - Family Violence Study...

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Family Violence – Study Guide 1 1. Types of family violence: Neglect: omission of necessary love, care, food, clothing, shelter. Mostly recipient is dependent. Emotional/psychological: scorned, ignored, criticized, ridiculed, caustic remarks, disparaging comments, contempt, and distain. Stalking: privacy invaded, followed, emotional or physical harm Financial exploitation: economic abuse – often elderly Sexual abuse/rape: date rape, acquaintance, incest, marital rape, child sex abuse, elder sex abuse Physical: perpetrator threw objects, pushed, grabbed, shoved, slapped, kicked, bit, hit, beat, choked, threatened with weapon, and used weapon 2. What is the nature of family abuse according to Gelles and Straus? ???????????????? Substance abuse, previous family learning (intergenerational transmission), ownership (property) beliefs, gender role socialization (men are aggressive and women are passive), low self-esteem (in both sexes)displaced tension (stress) (frustration aggression model), violence is commonly accepted in society and in media, lack of prevention and enforcement 3. Who are we taught to fear? ???????????????? 4. Be familiar with the following statistics: Number of women killed by an intimate partner daily: 3-4 Murder relationships: ¼ of murders involve killing of spouse, parent, or child Number of children who witness intimate partner violence yearly: 4-12 million 5. What is intergenerational transmission? The thought is that the younger generation learns bad behavior or to be a victim
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Critique: - less than 20% transmission among abused or witness of abuse - 1% of men who never viewed or were abuse became wife abusers in the future - 12% who were abused and witnessed abuse committed sever wife abuse (majority did not repeat the pattern) 6. Be familiar with the research challenges in the field of DV. Some past DV info NOT based on empirical research Family violence is difficult to study because it is carried out in the “private environment” of the home Retroactive questioning poses problems because of inaccurate recall and false memories Definitions of abuse vary 7. What happens if we survey shelter samples? The information is biased for the following reasons: This population consists of those without resources and family The data is not generalizable 8. What is the social desirability effect? How does it lead to inaccurate reporting? DV is socially unacceptable so it frequently goes unreported. Perpetrators may not admit. Victims may not disclose. Older victims/perpetrators are less likely to disclose. 9. Describe the Beauty and the Beast theme, gender pattern, and existence in pop culture. Beauty and the Beast: A beautiful female looks beyond the flaws of a major jerk. If lucky, the major jerk turns into a prince (may or may not still be a psycho). If the beautiful female is patient and caring enough the major jerk with come around. This never happens in the reverse order. The major jerk is always just misunderstood.
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