lin204h-a10 - UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO Faculty of Arts and...

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Unformatted text preview: UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO Faculty of Arts and Science > _ a AUGUST 2010 EXAMINATIONS 6y LIN204H1S English Grammar 2 Duration — 2 hours N 0 Aids Allowed Marks Marks earned General instructions: 0 Write your name and ID number everywhere space is provided to do so. 0 Please write carefully; illegible answers will earn zero marks. 0 Use the terminology of this course. If you use different terminology, your answer may be marked as incorrect. 0 Policy on more than one right answer: Sometimes there is more than one possible correct answer. You are only required to provide one correct answer. If you give more than one answer, and any of those answers is wrong, you will earn zero marks. 0 Before turning in the exam, confirm that you have answered the questions on every page. English Grammar Final Exam Summer 2010 Page 1 START OF EXAM In part I, choose the best answer for each question. Be sure to mark the answer on the scantron answer sheet. Any answers to part I which are marked on this test paper will not be counted. Part 1: Multiple choice (20) Use the following sentences for questions (1) — (10). Mark the letter on the scantron sheet which corresponds to the letter of the sentence that correctly answers the question. Choose “E” if none of the sentences has the indicated item. A. None of the qualified mayoral candidates knocked on my door before the election. B. Nobody called in the appropriate authorities. C. The westbound trains from my station are rarely on time. D. Which of these restaurants should we go to tonight? E. none 0fthese Example: Which sentence has the word trains in it? (Sentence C: you would fill in “C” on the scantron.) Questions: 1. Which sentence contains partial negation? 2. Which sentence does NOT contain a prepositional phrase? 3. Which sentence has an interrogative clause? 4. Which sentence has noun negation? 5. Which sentence contains a nongradable adjective? 6. Which sentence contains a nested prepositional phrase? 7. Which sentence contains a subordinate clause? 8. Which sentence has a deferred preposition? 9. Which sentence contains a universal pronoun? 10. Which sentence has a linking verb? cont’d . .. English Grammar Final Exam Summer 2010 Page 2 In the remaining multiple choice questions, choose the best answer to each question. ll. The ungrammaticality of the sentence *I saw a painting beautiful is due to a violation of which type of rule? A. cross—referencing B. linear order C. coordination D. contraction E. complementation 12. Which of the following is a strategy for making imperatives more polite, according to the textbook? A. use of a modal in an interrogative statement B. use of a modal in a declarative statement C. use of a declarative statement with I D. (A) and (B) V E. (A), (B) and (C) 13. The use of really good instead of very good in Canadian English is an example of: A. compounding B. backformation C. variability D. complementizers E. regularization 14. The sentence Sally could have been thinking of another book contains: A. non—finite verb forms B. verbal nouns C. the passive auxiliary BE D. (A) and (C) E. none of the above 15. The word infomercial was created using which morphological process: A. compounding B. clipping C. backformation D. blending E. affixation Cont’d . i... English Grammar Final Exam Summer 2010 Page 3 16. Which of the following can NOT occur in a noun phrase? A. adjective B. demonstrative pronoun C. adverb D. quantity E. (A) — (D) can all occur in a noun phrase 17. The adoption of French words into English after the Norman Invasion was based on: A. overt prestige B. covert prestige C. grammaticality D. ungrammaticality E. linguistic variability 18. Which of the following sentences does NOT have a corresponding passive equivalent? A. Someone left that dog out all night. B. The contractor will be building the house. C. No one can discover that fact about the project. D. Everyone can be a stellar student. E. (A) — (D) all have a corresponding passive equivalent 19. The sentence The baby that sat in the grass cried until a stranger discovered it had been abandoned contains: A. a verb with subjunctive mood B. a verb with non-standard tense marking C. an abstract noun D. a referential pronoun E. none of the above 20. Which of the following can NOT be derived from clause coordination and ellipsis? A. John made and decorated a birthday cake. B. Mary and Sue have diverse interests. C. Bob and Jenny are divorced from each other. D. Sarah called the mayor and Dan the city counsellors. E. (A)-(D) can all be derived from clause coordination and ellipsis cont’d . .. English Grammar Final Exam Summer 2010 Page 4 Family name Last four digits of student ID Part 11: Short answer (the value of each question is indicated after the question number) Write your answers for this section directly on this test paper. Question 1 (5) List the prepositional phrases in the sentence below and then say if each one is aaj‘ectival, adverbial, or ambiguous according to the criteria used in this course. You may have more lines than you need. Sentences 1. My book is at home. 2. The clerk inside the ticket booth called my name. 3. Many people take the subway during rush hour. 4. The hospital brought in the doctor from Toronto. Prepositional phrase Type of prepositional phrase Question 2 (4) Identify the specific type of question in each sentence. Sentence Type 1. He’s trying to get a raise, is he? 2. Has she considered taking Spanish? 3. You heard What? 4. How many days are there until the party? cont"d . English Grammar Final Exam Summer 2010 Page 5 Question 3 (3) Although punctuation can be useful, the structure of a sentence generally provides enough information to determine discourse function. State the discourse function of each of the sentences below (punctuation removed). You can assume that these are typical, rather than exceptional, cases. Sentence Type 1. What a nice day it is 2. When will you know the answer 3. Let’s go out for dinner Question 4 (11) For each sentence, identify the type (be as specific as possible) of each underlined constituent. Use the terminology we have discussed in this course; do NOT use abbreviations. An example is given. Sentence Type Example: The @ car was in an accident. colour adjective 1. My team played worse this week than last. 2. You might need to see a tutor. 3. There are some leftovers in the refrigerator. 4. That book is h_e_r_s_. 5. John 9; his brother will drop off the cheque. 6. Whenever she calls, I pretend to be out. 7. This campus is go huge. 8. The blue house has burned down. 9. Did she really say th_at? 10. Are you fed up with this hot weather? l l. The point is Mary won’t know. cont’d . English Grammar Final Exam Summer 2010 V" ‘ Page 6 Family name Last four digits of student ID Question 5 (6) List all the subordinate clauses in the following passage and state what type of subordinate clause each one is. For a relative clause, indicate if it is restrictive or non-restrictive. You may have more lines than you need. Although it is a holiday, Joe is working hard. His boss, who is on a business trip, has asked Joe to finish a project which a client is waiting for. The work needs to be completed soon, or the client will be upset. However, Joe knows the job will not be finished on time. Subordinate clause Question 6 (4) State whether each of the sentences below is simple, compound, complex or compound—complex. Sentence Type 1. Either Mary gets a raise, or she will quit. 2. I always suspected Bob was not entirely honest. 3. We asked so that we would know for sure. 4. My long, warm coat with a hood and puffy sleeves was lost on the TTC before the storm. a a it English Grammar Final Exam Summer 2010 Page 7 Question 7 (11) Fill in the blank with the word or words which best completes each sentence based on the material in this course. 1. The sentence People were hurt is a passive. 2. The adjective in the sentence Sally is a really nice person is in position. 3. The underlined constituent in the sentence It is clear that she is lying is called 4. The underlined constituent in the sentence I wonder whether Mag thought about that is a special case of an object noun clause called 5. The evolution over time from They ’re going to town to They’re gonna be happy is an example of the process called 6. The underlined phrase in the sentence Unfortunately for Dave, he was fired today has the function (not type!) 7. The underlined phrase in the sentence John likes chocolate and Mary does too is a result of the linguistic process called 8. The kind of negation used in the sentence Neither Bob nor Mary knows the answer is called 9. The verb comb (e.g., I should comb my hair) was created from the noun comb (e. g., I have a comb and a brush). What is the name of this morphological process? 10. What type of auxiliary is used in the sentence Wasn ’t she doing her homework? Cont’d t English Grammar Final Exam Summer 2010 “Page 8 Family name Last four digits of student ID Question 8 (4) Explain all possible meanings of the following sentence: Mary photographed her daughter with a new camera and cell phone. Question 9 (3) Prescriptive rules for English grammar are sometimes based on Latin. Explain when (in what century) this practice was developed and what the thinking behind it was. cont’d . English Grammar Final Exam Summer 2010 Page 9 Question 10 (4) We occasionally encounter a word that is unknown to us. However, by using morphology and sentence context, we can determine the lexical category of the unknown word. For the underlined, made-up word below, determine what type of word (noun, adverb, etc) it is, and give three pieces of evidence for your conclusion. After considerable effort, John gulified the plants in his garden. The word gulified is (what type?) Evidence: 1) 2) 3) Question 11 (3) Briefly explain three distinct ways that the verb be is exceptional when compared to most other verbs in English. 1) 2) 3) cont’d English Grammar Final Exam Summer 2010 Page 10 Family name Last four digits of student ID Question 12 (4) There are two possible ways to analyze the grammatical structure of each of the two sentences below. Explain what the two different structures are. (It is NOT necessary to explain the parts that are the same in the two analyses.) Sentence 1: We Visited the park on the hill. 1) 2) Sentence 2: The dog was tied to a tree. 1) 2) cont’d English Grammar Final Exam Summer 2010 'Page 11 Question 13 (4) Each of the following sentences contains at least one prescriptive error. Rewrite each sentence so that it follows the most formal prescriptive rules of Standard Canadian English. If something is correct, do NOT change it. It is not necessary to explain why you are making the changes. 1. If the weather was cooler, we could turn the air conditioner off. 2. A man whom I know is unhappy chopped down the beautiful tree. 3. Compared to the last meeting, the one that we went to today was shortest. END OF EXAM Before turning in the exam, please make sure you have answered all questions and that your name appears everywhere it is requested. English Grammar Final Exam Summer 2010 Page 12 ...
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lin204h-a10 - UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO Faculty of Arts and...

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