lin204h-m09 - UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO Faculty of Arts and...

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Unformatted text preview: UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO Faculty of Arts and Science APRILIMAY 2009 EXAMINATIONS Surname Student #1 Notes: (i) (ii) (iii) (it!) LIN204H1 S Duration - 2 hours No Aids Allowed Given name: 0E, ME, EModE and PDE stand for Old English, Middle English, Early Modern English and Present Day English, respectively. . Answer questions based on the discussion we had in class. Make your answer clear and legible; if the answer is vague and/or ambiguous and/or illegible, no credit will be given for the answer. Be concise; use point form in answers where appropriate. Question 1 \OOG'QO\UI4>-DJN g...“ "‘0 r—ar—ai—a AWN Possible points mam: L» Points earned p—l LII y—d H Total \! O\ 1. True or False: For each statement, answer whether it is true (T) or false (F). Circle the correct answer. (9 pts) (20 T F English is closer to German than it is to French with respect to the relationship in the language family (b) T F English is one of the Kentum languages. (c) T F The PDE personal pronoun she (third person singular feminine) originates in OE. (d) T F The PDE third person plural personal pronouns (starting with th~) have their origin in Old Norse. (e) T F OE had grammatical gender while PDE does not. (i) T F Geoffrey Chaucer (the author of Canterbury Tales) lived in the ME period. (g) T F From OE to PDE, English has undergone morphosyntactic change from a more analytic system to a more synthetic system. (h) T F The SVO order was established as the normal type in the EModE period. (1) T F OE Mercian dialect was separated into two dialects in ME, partly because the Mercian dialect areas included both Danelaw and areas held under King Alfred. 2. Briefly explain Why the Middle English period is sometimes referred to as “the period of weakened inflections”. (2 pts) page 2/13 3. Briefly explain declensions and conjugations. (3 pts) 4. Explain why the word order in OE was not as rigid as in PDE. (4 pts) page 3/13 5. Translate the following ME sentence into PDE. The gloss is given. (1 pt) ME: I am com to myne ende. Gloss: I am come to my end 6. Identify the subcategory of the underlined verb in the following sentences. Circle the correct answer. (2 pts) (a) The cat jumped around the room. Intransitive Transitive Ditransitive (b) My mother sent me a couple of books for my birthday. Intransitive Transitive Ditransitive 7. Identify whether the underlined adjectives in the following sentences are used attributively or predicatively. Circle the correct answer. (2 pts) (a) I don’t like cold winter. Attributively Predicatively (b) The man looks very sigh. Attributively Predicatively page 4/13 8. In the following sentence, (i) extract the NPs and (ii) identify their syntactic roles. For syntactic ropes, choices are given in the box. Give your answer clearly in the table provided. (7 pts) Sentence: Sally was the president when she finally finished her long career. Everyone considered her an excellent president. Syntactic roles (a) Subject ((1) Object of a preposition (b) Direct object (e) Subject complement (c) Indirect object (1) Object complement NP Grammatical function page 5/13 9. The following sentence is ambiguous, having meanings #1 and #2 as indicated below the sentence. Explain the ambiguity by showing the internal structure of the sentence for each meaning in tree diagrams. Give your trees in the box giVen. (8 pts) Sentence: They are writing materials. Meaning #1: There are people who are writing some materials. Meaning #2: There are materials that are used for writing. Tree diagram for meaning #1: page 6/13 Tree diagram for meaning #2: page 7/13 10. The following passages (a) and (b) are extracted from online articles in a magazine (Newsweek <http://www.newsweek.com/id/l42892>) for (a) and in news (CBC <http://www.cbc.ca/technology/story/2009/03/20/solar-wings.html>) for (b). Provide Reichenbachian representations for the underlined verb groups to show the relative positions of S (speech time), B (event time) and R (reference time) as determined by the tense form. Give your answer in the space given. (11 pts) ' (a) Newsweek article We are in the opening days of a presidential campaign that pits youth against age, the virtues of experience against the freshness and riskiness of the new arrival. I’m not here to refute all of that: John McCain is 25 years older than Barack Obama, and he always will be. But here’s something I bet you didn’t know: If Obama becomes president, he will have spent more time serving as a state legislator (eight years) than anyone who has occupied the White House since Abraham Lincoln. Verb group Reichenbachian representation (3) didn’t know page 8/13 (b) CBC article NASA and astronauts aboard the International Space Station extended the station’s new set of solar wings successfully on Friday, a process that will double the amount of electricity available for science experiments on the orbiting outpost. The structure holding the two starboard solar arrays, which stretched to 73 metres after they were fully extended Friday, was delivered to the space shuttle Discovery on Tuesday and installed on Thursday. As a precaution, NASA said Friday morning Mission Control had deployed the arrays a short distance to confirm they were working properly. Verb group Reichenbachian representation (1) extended (2) will double (3) stretched (4) was delivered (5) had deployed (6) were working page 9/13 11. Below are two discourses A and B, both of which consist of two sentences. Which discourse, A or B, sounds more natural? Explain briefly with reference to the discourse structure of each example. (3 pts) Discourse A: She received a great award yesterday. The award was given by the government. Discourse B: She received a great award yesterday. The government gave the award to her. 12. Draw a tree diagram for the following OE sentence. (4 pts) Hwy” gab gé? why go you ‘Why do you go?’ page 10/13 13. Draw tree diagrams for the following ME sentences. (6 pts) (21) Swiche wolle have the kyngedom of hell such will have the kingdom of hell ‘Such (people) will have the kingdom of Hell” (b) I wle you comforte. I will you comfort ‘I will comfort you.’ page 11/13 14. Provide an English sentence (in PDE) in which there is a mismatch between the mood and illocutionary force. Briefly explain the mismatch as well. (3 pts) 15. Draw tree diagrams for the following PDE sentences. (11 pts) (a) Where did she leave the keys? page 12/13 (b) Whether I can finish school in the summer terribly afiects those plans that I have for my family. Total pages = (13) page 13/13 ...
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This note was uploaded on 08/16/2011 for the course LING 204 taught by Professor Mayami during the Spring '11 term at University of Toronto.

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lin204h-m09 - UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO Faculty of Arts and...

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