lin204h-m10 - UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO Faculty of Arts and...

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Unformatted text preview: UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO Faculty of Arts and Science APRIL 2010 EXAMINATIONS LIN204H18 English Grammar Duration - 2 hours No Aids Allowed Family Name Given Name Student number Instructions: 1. There are 13 pages in this booklet (including the cover sheet and the scratch paper sheet). Write your name and student number on every page. Submit all pages. 2. Read all questions carefully and write your answers in the space provided. The space provided below each question is sufficient. If you require more space, you may be writing too much and thus spending too much time on the question. Page 1 of 13 Family name: Given name Student number For each of the following questions (1-7) circle one (and only one) answer. (1 point each) 1. Which of the following underlined phrases is a different category from others? a. James saw the cake. b She wants to buy apples. 0. I must take the exam. d. The baby liked laughing. 2. Which of the following correctly explains about the subcategories of a noun? a. Many common nouns can be pluralized. b Proper nouns refer to general categories. 0. Concrete nouns refer to concepts or ideas. d. Mass nouns cannot be measured. 3. Which of the following sentences does NOT contain a helping verb? a. The lady cannot move her leg. b The man seems to be honest. 0. She does not have any money. (1. That boy was studying in the library. 4. Which of the following uses of it is NOT a pronoun? a. The gardener put fl back to the house. b. The lady bought a coat, and it fits her perfectly. c. I don’t want to go out because i_t is raining. d. k isn’t the food that I ordered. 5. Which of the following is NOT a grammatical function of a noun? a. Object of preposition. b Object of adjective. 0. Direct object. d. Object complement. 6. Which of the following sentences is NOT marked for the perfective aspect? a. John was writing his letter. b My mother has seen this movie. 0. He will have arrived at this time in a week. d. The letter had been sent already. 7. Which of the following is NOT a partial negator: a. Rarely b. Scarcely c. Never d. Seldom Page 2 of 13 .‘émabfimrwwwvmwwfiifi , Family name: Given name Student number 8. State whether the following underlined adjectives are in attributive or predicative use. (3 points) i. The music sounds funny. ii. They have talented relatives. iii. You are intimidating. 9. State whether the following underlined word is an adjective or an adverb. (3 points) i. The lady sings too loud. ii. The boy was loud. iii. This train is fa_s_t. 10. Identify the grammatical function of the following underlined NPs. (3 points) i. The girl gave a present to her mom. ii. Pam read John the book. iii. They considered the child an idiot. 1 1. Identify whether the underlined affix is derivational or inflectional. (3 points) i. There are many oxen. ii. A princgs died in that story. iii. My motherfs house is very expensive. Page 3 of 13 Family name: Given name Student number 12. 13. 14. 31 i If g 3" State whether the underlined verb in each of the following sentences is finite or non-finite. (4 points) i. He went to the station early, but he missed the train. ii. Matt has been waiting his friend for three hours. iii. The girl next door likes to wear a skirt. iv. The woman buys lots of fruits. For each inflected verb be in the following sentences, provide the tense, person, and number. (3 points) Tense Person Number i. I was going to the station. ii. The girls are visiting us. iii. John is sick over the weekend. In the following, identify each part of the morpheme (e.g., root, derivational/inflectional prefix or suffix). (4 points) i. dis—agree—ment ii. loud—est iii. pre-occup(y)—ation Page 4 of 13 Family name: Given name Student number 15. State the category of each underlined part (e.g., NP, VP, etc.). (6 points) i. The excited child cheerfully chased the new puppy around the garden. ii. She considered your remark guite amusing. iii. The houses are close to each other. 16. For each underlined verb below, identify its type and provide ONE SPECIFIC reasoning for your answer. (6 points) i. That man appeared in my dream. ii. We took the car to the station. iii. Ted sent his grandmother a present. 17. For each sentence below, match the underlined phrases with the correct thematic role in the column on the right. (6 points) i. The baby was fed one hour later. A. Agent ii. Abelard send a letter to Eloise. B. Theme iii. L_ina kissed an ugly beast. C. Goal iv. Raccoons lurk in the garbage bins. D. Experiencer v. Removing wine stains from a white couch may be impossible. E. location vi. Rats frighten most people. F. Source Page 5 of 13 Family name: Given name Student number 18. a) Identify whether the following underlined word is a particle or preposition, and provide ONE reasoning for it. (2 points) i. Jane put fl her new hat. ii. He went t_o the market. b) The underlined phrase in the sentence below is a NP. Explain why it is a NP. (2 points) His first instinct was to run away. 19. Identify all negators (phrases and/or words) and their types in the sentence provided below: (3 points) I hate to admit it but in three months we barely advanced in constructing the swimming pool Simply because we don ’t have enough money. NEGATOR TYPE Page 6 of 13 Family name: Given name Student number 20. Draw a tree structure of the three following sentences. Use binary branching, NOT ternary branching. (13 points) i. The turtle seems slow. (4 points) ii. The turtle walks slow. (3 points) Page 7 of 13 Family name: Given name 4m»; 39 MW» mumm Student number iii. 1 found that small glass bottle whichI like dearly. (6 points) Page 8 of13 Family name: Given name Student number 21. 21) Consider the following ambiguous sentence in (1). The ambiguity concerns the scope of negation and other sentential elements. Disambiguate the sentence by providing the two meanings. Be brief and to the point: (4 points) (1) The professor did not find many typos in the exam. Meaning 1: Meaning 2: b) Now, form the passive sentence from the active sentence in (1): (3 points) Passive: i. Is the passive sentence also ambiguous? YES NO ii. Does your passive sentence correspond to either of the two meanings that you have identified above? If yes, which one? 22. Consider the following sentence: (4 points) The lumberjack cut the wood and the Zumberjack sanded the wood i. a) Re-write the sentence so that there are both final and initial ellipsis: b) What constituents are conjoined in your new sentence? ii. Now re-write your ellipted sentence such that it is coordinated with a correlative conjunction: Page 9 of 13 Family name: Given name Student number 23. 24. 25. For the sentence below, produce four echo wh-questions each time targeting a different nominal element. (4 points) Carlos lent you a rare book from his library. ii. iii. iV. Give ONE passive clause characterized by the following: (3 points) i. Truncated get-passive ii. Standard passive with a ditransitive verb iii. Standard passive Give an English sentence where there is a mismatch between the clause type and discourse function. Provide your reasoning for the mismatch. Be brief and to the point. (4 points) Sentence: Clause type: Discourse function: Reasoning: Page 10 of 13 a... ,viaetvu’fimétfiamtflm‘ék‘a- Family name: Given name Student number 26. Identify the type of the subordinate clause by finiteness and name its function in the sentence: (8 points) i. I know that you stole this jewel. Type: Function: ’ ii. Since I am not going to the show tonight, you may have my ticket. Type: Function: iii. My excuse is that I cannot stand arrogant people. Type: Function: iv. It is not really a question whether to think or not to think. Type: Function: v. That they accepted his proposal surprised us. Type: Function: Vi. It gives you a chance to improve the relationship. Type: Function: vii. It was not surprising that every piece of furniture burned during the fire. Type: Function: viii. To travel around the world is my ultimate dream. Type: Function: 27. Change the sentence in (2) such that it is a relative clause in the sentence in (1) and write the new sentence next to (3): (4 points) (1) The criminal was sentenced for life. (2) The criminal killed ten people. (3) Now, re-write the sentence in (3) as a reduced relative clause and write it down next to (4): (4) Is your new sentence in (4) grammatical? If YES, explain why. If NO, explain why. Page 11 of13 Family name: Given name Student number i 28. a) Draw a tree diagram for each coordinated phrase below: (5 points) i. Clinton and that man ii. very quickly but clearly iii. won the lottery yesterday and left for vacations immediately b) In the following sentence, put all the coordinates in square brackets and subordinates in round brackets: (2 points) The novel was long, but interesting, for it reminded us of our childhood and carried us away in the past that we dream about so often. END OF THE EXAM — HAVE A GREAT SUMMER! Total points = 109 Total pages = 13 Page 12 of 13 Family name: Given name Student number Scratch paper Please, do not detach! Page 13 of13 ...
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