Chapter 3 Study Guide

Chapter 3 Study Guide - Chapter3StudyGuide 23:32...

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Chapter 3 Study Guide 23:32 What is Federalism? Government system in which power is divided between central government  and several regional governments How are the three systems of government different: unitary, federation, and  confederation? Unitary: o Authority is centralized with state and local governments administering  authority delegated from central government o Ex: UK, France, Japan Federation: o Authority is divided between central and state or local governments o Ex: Canada, US under the Constitution Confederation: o Authority held by independent states and delegated to central government  by consensus agreements o Ex: US under Articles of Confederation What are the three conditions required of a federal system? The same people are territory are included in both levels of government The nation’s constitution protects units at each level of government from  encroachment by the other units Each unit is in a position to exert some leverage over the other(s) What is the difference between dual and shared federalism? Dual: o Simplest arrangement; leaving the states and national government to  preside over mutually exclusive ‘spheres of sovereignty’ o Federal government powers are few and defined, while states’ are  numerous and indefinite o Day to day lives are the responsibility of the individual states Shared: o National and state governments should jointly supply services to citizenry o Each level of government has exclusive authority over some policy realms,  state and federal powers intersect over many of the most important  functions What are some examples of exclusive powers of the national government? 
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Coin money, regulate interstate and foreign commerce, tax imports and  exports, make treaties, make all laws ‘necessary and proper’ to fulfill  responsibilities, make war, regulate postal system Exclusive powers of the state government? Run elections, regulate intrastate commerce, establish republican forms of  state and local governments, protect public health/safety/morals, all powers  not delegated to the nt’l government or denied to the states by the  constitutions What are some powers denied to the national governments? The state  governments? Make sure you know at least two examples for each one. National: tax state exports, change state boundaries, impose religious tests, 
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Chapter 3 Study Guide - Chapter3StudyGuide 23:32...

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