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class notes - INTL1100 Astatehas....

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INTL 1100 A state has. . A (more or less) permanent population Defined territory (more or less) A government capable of maintaining effective control over its territory and conducting foreign  relations Recognized by other (powerful) states Nation is… Social collectivity whose members share a sense of common identity  (history, language,  ethnic or social origins, religions) a geographical location  and a political base Expansion of the State System… Originated 1600s Europe 1700s North America 1800s South America, Japan 1900s: Asia, Africa, Caribbean, Pacific Great Powers (nuclear)… US, Great Britain, France, Russia, China 1 st , 2 nd , and 3 rd  worlds… came from WWII 1 st  were US and allies 2 nd  were US enemies 3 rd  were unallied countries Capitalism vs. Socialism (markets)
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Socialists: markets need be controlled to avoid abuse Capitalism: mostly free market Huntington handout (see binder) Divides into civilizations (ppl. Who share common culture) Ex: Islamic world vs. Latin America vs. Western Christiandom, etc Major sources of violent conflict in the world today Religion Culture (western v. the rest) o Resentment of dominance/spreading of western culture people Inspired to terrorism How does clash of civilization lead to violent conflict? Occupation of one country by another A country’s economic and political system determines… What will be produced? By what methods? Using what resources? For whom? -> some governments have large roles in determining these, and others, in theory, are  determined by supply and demand  Capitalism No country like this!
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Social and economic system in which the means of production  are privately owned and   operated  and in which resource allocation is determined by laws of supply and demand Pure capitalism o 2 cows, sell and buy a bull (no interference) Socialism Social and economic system in which means of production  are collectively owned  and  equality is a high priority Pure socialism (again, no country like this) o 2 cows- government takes them and puts them in a collectively owned barn with all other  cows and the government determines how much milk each person needs bureaucratic socialism: o cow/chicken farmers switch and get milk/eggs and necessary -> EACH COUNTRY HAS A UNIQUE SYSTEM! Economic Liberalism Economic principles emphasizing the importance of: o Private ownership o Free markets o And unimpeded flow of goods, capital and labor Lets say… Pennsylvania can produce corn and potatoes more efficiently than Maine (less land and  labor) But Penn exports potatoes and imports corn… why?
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class notes - INTL1100 Astatehas....

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