Book Notes to Midterm - NotestoMidterm 19:49

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Notes to Midterm 19:49 Iconography     : reading of symbols, objectively seeing something, pinpointing  different objects Iconology     : placing something in a historical or religious context Naturalism     : how realistic something is, not necessarily modern day Style     : as much apart of the meaning of something as anything else Prehistoric     : Human Figure with Lion Head o Prehistoric o Paleolithic o Anthropomorphic (human body) with feline head o Zoomorphic o Stylized  o Sculpture in the round (3D) o Representation of a God’s features (somewhat mythical) o Scale always important (about 1 foot tall) o Style always a deliberate choice! o Mammoth ivory  o Nomadic culture o One of the earliest sculptures ever discovered o Difficult process to make, so obviously was important, but use is unknown Nude Woman (Venus of Willendorf) o ‘venus’ o exceptional figure for the stone age o most prehistoric sculptures were of humans or animals (nude)
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o probably served as a fertility image (child-bearing capabilities ensured the  survival of the species) o stylized- attention to detail, though (sculptor did not want to recognize a  specific woman but the female form) o sculpture in the round o very small (fits in your hand) and portable o naturalistic quality to it o no clear face (hidden by some kind of hair do/hat) o emphasis on the body (fertility aspects) o ‘venus’ because of womanly aspects, fertility goddess, however, venus  came years later and so we project this on the sculpture o we don’t know if their gods take the shape of human form o calling ‘venus’ misrepresents the object Relief sculpture permanently attached to cave o Similarities to nude woman o Nomadic culture o Focus on mothers sacred role in continuing the family o Relief sculpture to bring good luck? o The body frames are not able to move a lot, so social standard hopes to  reach body type when wealthy with food and notion of fertility o Women holds sacred role, but to strive for perfect body o Really, though, could just be a simple child’s doll Hall of the Bulls o Paleolithic, charcoal and various Earth pigments o Little more domesticated now o ~142 decorated caves discovered o zoomorphic, anthromorphic, non-figurative, domestication, fertility,  fecundity o painting on ceiling, so ladder device needed to complete (showed they  were used for centuries)
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o deliberate choice of visual language o thought is obviously behind these paintings o abstract ideas and designs with random meaning (we think) o animals sustained life, some sort of religious structure to commemorate  that  o may have magical powers to these paintings- thought to bring animals 
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This note was uploaded on 08/16/2011 for the course ARHI 2300 taught by Professor Kemling during the Fall '09 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Book Notes to Midterm - NotestoMidterm 19:49

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