book notes after midterm

book notes after midterm - BookNotesAfterMidterm 14:38...

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Book Notes After Midterm 14:38 Authoritarian Regimes Differences in who rules and how they rule and why they rule Applied to nondemocratic regimes NONDEMOCRATIC REGIMES Key Concepts: Nondemocratic regimes are often divided between authoritarianism and  totalitarianism. Over half of the world’s population still live in partly-free or non-free societies Defining nondemocratic rule o Is a residual category, representing a wide range of different kinds of  systems, often very unique o Authoritarianism: term often used to cover many different forms of  nondemocratic rule  o Nondemocratic regimes: those in which a political regime is controlled by a  small group of individuals who exercise power over the state without being  constitutionally responsible to the public Public doesn’t play a specific role is election of officials, so political  officials often ‘dictate’ different policies [hence ‘dictatorship’] Curtails civil liberties and political rights Built around the restriction of individual freedom Eliminate people’s right to choose own leaders, and can restrict varying  degrees of other liberties [right to public speech or assembly] o Relationship to equality is unclear Some, such as those under communism, limit individual freedom to  produce greater social equality Others seek to provide neither equality nor freedom, but only to  enhance the power of those in control o Nondemocratic regimes may be institutionalized and legitimate  o Monarch and Dictatorship: Monarchy is one rules who is usually of a  dynastic decent; Dictator usually comes to power through a coup and is an  old military leader
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Totalitarianism and Nondemocratic Rule o Totalitarianism: connotes violence and terror, and so often used to label a  political system we dislike Many scholars use to describe Nazi Germany and Soviet Union Seek to control and transform all aspects of the state, society and  economy Main objective is to use power to transform the total institutional fabric  of a country according to some ideological goal Violence often becomes a necessary tool which destroys human will to  create or aspire to freedom o Totalitarianism has arisen relatively rarely Many leaders have aspirations, but few have been able to put their  theories to practice Josef Stalin, in the Soviet Union (1930s-50s) is commonly viewed at  totalitarian Radically reconstructed domestic institutions, private life controlled  by the state and Communist Party Nazi Germany However, economy was relatively unchanged Suddam Hussein, although highly oppressive, can’t be described this 
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book notes after midterm - BookNotesAfterMidterm 14:38...

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