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class notes - INTL3300 14:21

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INTL 3300 14:21 Politics:      struggle for power to give a group decisive powers  not limited to soverign nations Comparative Politics:      looks for common things across countries with struggle of power What is Comparative Politics? o Comparativists:      look at institutions of individual countries and compare them because  they have the ability to define and shape what is possible/ probably by laying out rules,  norms and structures through which we operate Analytical concepts (assumptions and theories that guide our research) Methods (ways to study and test those theories) Ideals (values and beliefs about preferred outcomes History: o Plato’s Republic and Aristotle’s politics o All major issues today were presented first here o Plato and Aristotle studied different politics, etc and came to comclusions: Rule by one- called monarchy- can become tyranny Rule by few- called aristocracy- can become oligarchy Rule by many- called polity- can become anarchic democracy Aristotle tested hypotheses and came u with these three analyses Comparative politics really is based on its methodology (of comparing) o Important because what would look like random facts allows us really to make  connections o Studies cause and effect, compares nations o Comparatist:      look at similarities and differences and by analyzing differences they can  isolate what political, social and national factors causes different outcomes 
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Discovers raw patterns in political behaviors o Area Studies:      whether within one country or whole continents Often multi-disciplinary (history, culture, politics) State to state, country to county, region to region o Discover broad patterns and figure out how they happen The Comparative Method Without a method, just a collection of random details Comparative method     : way to make comparisons across cases and draw conclusions Researching one country has its limitations o It alone is not enough to test hypothesis o Single-case approach called inductive reasoning : means by which we go from studying a  case to generating a hypothesis; can be a building block o Deductive reasoning:      starting with a puzzle and from there generating some hypothesis  about cause and effect  Starts with a hypothesis and seeks out evidence We may find a correlation  or apparent association between certain factors or  variables Tests a hypothesis against a number of cases Risk of selection bias: when cases are not randomly selected but instead selected to  support one’s own case Endogeneity:      problems defining which is cause and which is effect
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This note was uploaded on 08/16/2011 for the course INTL 3300 taught by Professor Mitchell during the Fall '08 term at UGA.

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class notes - INTL3300 14:21

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