Lecture-4-Carbon-(CH_37187

Lecture-4-Carbon-(CH_37187 - Carbon...

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Carbon fe is carbon based, meaning that the H H Life is carbon based, meaning that the molecules of living organisms (nucleic acids, carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, etc) e largely built upon rbon “ keletons” OH H OH H OH HHH H HH are largely built upon carbon skeletons H OH OH Æ carbon atoms bonded to one another, & to other elements (mainly H, P, O, N). –O r g a n i s m s produce most naturally occurring organic compounds; but these can be abiotically synthesized from inorganic material. •T h e valence level of carbon (4) means that a variety of diverse molecules can be formed. These can incorporate double bonds C=C, & triple bonds, C C, as well as forming a variety of lengths and forms (straight, branched, or rings). ydrocarbons: molecules containing only carbon & hydrogen re Hydrocarbons: molecules containing only carbon & hydrogen Æ are hydrophobic (example: fats, steroids)
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Molecular Diversity of Carbon Compounds e covalent The covalent bonding of carbon atoms & the b f bd number of bonds generates varying 3 D shapes due to bond angles: tetrahedral shape r flat shape or flat shape
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Lecture-4-Carbon-(CH_37187 - Carbon...

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