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STUDY GUIDE FINAL EXAM FALL 2010 Know what a conditioned stimulus and response, an unconditioned stimulus and response, and a neutral stimulus are. (Reference Pavlov/Skinner). Chapter 5 Unconditioned Stimulus -A stimulus that naturally evoke a particular response. Unconditioned Stimulus- A behavior that is prompted automatically by a stimulus. Neutral stimuli - Stimuli that have no effect on a particular response. Conditioned stimulus - A previously neutral stimulus that evokes a particular response after having been paired with an unconditioned stimulus. Response What is Operant Conditioning? What is Classical Conditioning? Chp 5 Operant conditioning- The use of pleasant or unpleasant consequences to control the occurrence of behavior. Classical condition -the process of repeatedly associating a previously neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus in order to evoke a conditioned response. Skinner box - An apparatus developed by B.F. Skinner for observing animal behavior in experiments in operant conditioning. What is the Premack principle and why is it important to education? A rule that states enjoyable activities can be used to reinforce participation in less enjoyable activities. Know the different types of reinforcement and the different types of punishment. Consequences - pleasant conditions that follow behaviors and affect the frequency of future behaviors. Reinforcer -A pleasurable consequence that maintains or increase a behavior. Primary reinforcer- Food, water, sex, or other consequence that satisfies a basic need. Secondary reinforce - A consequence that people learn to value through it association with a primary reinforce. Positive reinforce - pleasurable consequence given to strengthen behavior. Negative reinforcer - release from an unpleasant situation given to strengthen behavior. Intrinsic reinforce- behaviors that a person enjoys engaging in for their own sake without any rewards. Study the different types of play related to child development. Chap 3 Solitary play - play that occurs alone often with toys and is independent of what other children are doing. Parallel play -children engaged in the same activity side by side with very little interaction or mutual influence. Associative play - much like parallel play but it does have an increased level of interaction in the form of sharing turn taking and general interest in what other are doing. Cooperative pla y- Occurs when children join together to achieve a common goal such as building a large castle with each child building a part of the structure. What is evidence-based practice in education and how is it used? Involves selecting and delivering
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