Assignment 1 - EsaiasTong Assignment#1 2305058 The U.S...

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Esaias Tong Assignment #1 2305-058 The U.S. Congress uses bicameral legislation, comprising of two houses, Senate and House of Representatives, both houses balances power. The top leader is the president, leads for a 4 year term, up to two consecutive terms. The vice president leads the Senate. United States Constitution pursues executive, legislative and judicial independence. United States has mature political parties and for two hundred years the Democratic and Republican parties have alternated in power. This seemingly more balanced power over two parties is a fundamental difference between the US and China. China's government system is often referred as a "one- party dictatorship". The Chinese Communist Party has always been the highest ruling power and the party has authority over the entire government body, including national legislature and other government organizations. According to a statement by the CPC, which is "by the Communist Party under the leadership of multiple parties" (CONSTITUTION OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA), China has no more than 10 democratic parties but they all must adhere to the Chinese Communists authority. The highest authority is the National People's Congress, and the only legislative house in the People’s Republic of China responsible for making legislations, holding the real power. Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference is an advisory body, but has no real power. But regardless of the NPC and CPPCC, over the years many critics have described it as a "rubber stamp", working solely for the party's interests. Hu Jintao is the current “Paramount Leader” and President of China. However, his humble upbringings had little to suggest he would become China’s leader. Hu Jintao was born in Jiangyan at 1942. His family belonged to lower middle class in society. Hu attended Qinghua University, studying hydroelectric engineering. Hu remained active throughout his political career, working his way up within political hierarchy. In 1985, he became provincial governor of Guizhou and his cautious handling of a student protest helped him gain party recognition. Hu
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Esaias Tong Assignment #1 2305-058 was promoted to Party Chief of Tibet in 1988. He led a political suppression on Tibetans a year after, which pleased the Beijing Government. A while later, Hu stepped in the role of Vice President, and ultimately President four years later. As President, Hu Jintao envisions China as a “harmonious society” and the “peaceful rise” of China. (Kallie Szczepanski) China is a unitary state. China's state system is "Republican", it has possession of the provinces and the five autonomous regions consisting of minority groups. The provincial governments have less autonomy compared to the States, although these are called "autonomous", but must listen to the Central Government to a large extent, operating under the unified leadership of the central authorities. The difference is that with the federal system, these provinces cannot establish independence or self-determination. On the other hand, the U.S. state system is "United States",
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Assignment 1 - EsaiasTong Assignment#1 2305058 The U.S...

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