5 study notes - 5.1 - Polymer a long molecule consisting of...

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5.1 - Polymer a long molecule consisting of repeating monomers linked by covalent bonds. - - Macromolecules: Carbs, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids - Covalent bonds connecting monomers: glycosidic, peptide, mixed, phosphodiester - Infinite possible sequences allow macromolecule diversity Condensation  Hydrolysis What enzymes do Water removal water added examples Polymerization Digestion 5.2 - Carbs include sugars and their polymers - Monosaccharides has multiple OH and 1 carbonyl group shows whether it is aldose or ketose - They form rings in aqueous solutions - Disaccharide – two monos joined by glycosidic linkage, covalent bond. - 2Glu Malt Glu+Fru Sucr - Polysaccharides – macromolecule – structural or storage - n a-Glu by 1,4 linkages Starch Amypectin (branched by 1,6) and Amylose (no braching) - n a-Glu by 1,4 Glycogen (highly branched by 1,6) - Both are helical
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- n b-Glu by 1,4 Cellulose (// cellulose held by H-bond STRONG microfibrils) - specific enzymes digest cellulose - n Glu + N-groups Chitin
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This note was uploaded on 08/18/2011 for the course BIO 1406 taught by Professor Bostic during the Spring '09 term at Austin Community College.

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5 study notes - 5.1 - Polymer a long molecule consisting of...

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