Chapter 11 Emotions Stress and Health

Chapter 11 Emotions Stress and Health - C hapter 11...

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Chapter 11 Emotions, Stress and Health A. Definition of Emotion - How we feel about things B. Innate versus Learned 1. Darwin’s View - Facial response on animals and emotions based on earlier life forms - Emotions are mostly innate 2. Anthropologists - In remote cultures, happy smile, disgusted frown, whimsical eyebrow - Facial expressions are inborn 3. Babies - Babies show very few emotions - They smile, show disgust and surprise 4. Pluchick’s Theory - Popular view of emotions - Born with fixed few emotions - Fusion of emotions complex emotions - Emotions acquired later are built from innate emotions C. Arousal - View that facial represent emotions and expressions is true - Another view is that not only emotions but personality characteristics - Logical chain: arousal emotion personality
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Polygraphs - Used by police, CIA, although notoriously inaccurate - Polygraph measures breathing rate, Galvanic skin response (GSR or electrical conductivity of the skin), how aroused you are - Wait for stable baseline to operate and measures deviations from baselines - REMEMBER: Proved Guilty 3 /4 Guilty 1 /4 Innocent Proved Innocent 2 /3 Innocent 1 /3 Innocent D. Theories of Emotion 1. Common Sense See Bear Fear (Arousal) Run (Behavior) - Based on arousal - Adrenal cortex secretion related to emotional response takes 2-4s , which disproves common sense. 2. James/Lange See Bear Run (Behavior) Fear (Arousal) - See Bear know to run - Running fear - Behavior before arousal - Method Acting
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- Allergy immune system lowers, adrenal lowers, cry, stuffy nose, backward conditioning, tears sad 3. Canon/Bard See Bear Fear (Arousal) Run (Behavior) - Separate arousal from behavior - Both are caused by bear 4. Schachter’s Two Factor Theory of Fear See Bear Run (Behavior) Cognitive Label (Definition for Arousal) Physiological Response (Arousal not yet Defined) - Three different things at the same time Schachter’s Experiment (should know details) a) Get a shot of Epinephrine b) Wait in Room with Ringer c) ½ of subjects see Happy Person in room, ½ of subjects see Angry Person in room d) Drug sets in – Arousal - tingling in gut e) Subjects Label the Arousal as Happy or Angry and Match What They Saw - Happy happy, angry angry f) The Above is True only if Subjects are Told that the Shot will have no effect - Label determines what emotion
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This note was uploaded on 08/18/2011 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Pennebaker during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Chapter 11 Emotions Stress and Health - C hapter 11...

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