Chapter 12 Personality - C hapter 12 Personality A....

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Chapter 12 – Personality A. Definition: Individual Characteristics (Patterns) of Thought, Emotion, Behavior B. Psychoanalytic Perspective – Freud’s Theory of Personality 1. Background - Freud’s Psychoanalytic therapy - Impact on public - 1 st comprehensive theory of personality - 1 st Theory of Therapy 2. Reasons for Freud’s Impact - Terminology eye-catching - Great Egalitarianism, getting rid of aristocrats enthusiastically embraced we are all alike cannot understand or controls, liberated thinking democratic movement - basically sex and aggression 3. Structure of the Personality - Three Different Phases a) ID 1. Reservoir of Psychic Energy - The ID is the source of psychic energy, bodily needs arise physiological need persets. Physical energy need ID Psychic Energy (drives) - Conservation of energy 2. The base or origin of the Personality – The real personality?
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- Comes from the brain 3. Pleasure Principle A. Reflex Action - Primary process pleasure/painful? (mental image) B. Primary Process – Is this pleasurable? - Creates a template of what will satisfy physiological need - ID only converts physical energy (needs) psychological drives - Cathects attract energy to the picture result of genetic and learning doesn’t satisfy physiological need b) EGO 1. Executive of the Personality - Does the action 2. Reality Principle a. Suspends Pleasure Principle - Suspends pleasure to get energy to execute. b. Secondary Process – Is this real? - Daydream EGO: Is it real? No. - Finds something that satisfy the need (action) c) SUPEREGO 1. Moral Arm of Personality Find things in the world that matches things in the real world 2. Strives for Ideal, Morally and Socially – Is this moral?
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Controls EGO by selection 3. Two subsystems a. Conscience Conscience – Reservoir of what you are not supposed to do b. Ego-Ideal Ego-Ideal – supposed to do make moral choices 4. Introjection Formed by introjection Over time, it takes on inside the values of society (normal person) Some do not introject well Why daydream excessively? - Strong ID, drives - EGO not strong enough to do, find source of pleasure Evil doer - Weak SUPEREGO - Cannot focus on social (aspects) of behavior 4. Instincts – Drives for sex, aggression a) Life Instincts – Eros - Drive to further life or be affected by life b) Death Instincts – Thanatos
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- Death-seeking instincts - The goal of all life is death - We eventually we die - Challenges, aversive seek comfort of the grave (compared to mother’s womb) - Little behavior self-positive (mutilation) 5. Defense Mechanisms - Credited to Ana Freud - Embraced by most psychologists
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This note was uploaded on 08/18/2011 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Pennebaker during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Chapter 12 Personality - C hapter 12 Personality A....

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