Management Study guid - Chapter 1 Opportunities-Favorable...

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Chapter 1 Opportunities-Favorable times or chances for progress and advancement Change- The transformation or modification of an organization and/or its stakeholders Challenge- The call to competition, contest, or battle Organizational behavior- The study of individual behavior and group dynamics in organizations Psychology- The science of human behavior Sociology- The science of society Engineering- The applied science of energy and matter Anthropology-The science of the learned behavior of human beings Management- The study of overseeing activities and supervising people in organizations Medicine- The applied science of healing or treatment of diseases to enhance an individual’s health and well-being Task- An organization’s mission, purpose, or goal for existing People- The human resources of the organization Technology- The tools, knowledge, and/or techniques used to transform inputs into outputs Structure- The systems of communication, authority and roles, and workflow Formal Organization- The official, legitimate, and most visible part of the system Informal Organization- The unofficial and less visible part of the system Hawthorne studies- Studies conducted during the 1920’s and 1930’s that discovered the existence of the informal organization Objective Knowledge- Knowledge that results from research and scientific activities Skill development- the mastery of abilities essential to successful functioning in organizations Chapter 2 Transnational Organization- An organization in which the global viewpoint supersedes national issues. Guanxi- The Chinese practice of building networks for social exchange Expatriate manager- A manager who works in a country other than his or her home country Individualism- A cultural orientation in which people belong to loose social frameworks, and their primary concern is for themselves and their families Collectivism- A cultural orientation in which individuals belong to tightly knit social frameworks, and they depend strongly on large extended families or clans. Power distance- The degree to which a culture accepts unequal distribution of power. Uncertainty avoidance- The degree to which a culture tolerates ambiguity and uncertainty. Masculinity- The cultural orientation in which assertiveness and materialism are valued Femininity- The cultural orientation in which relationships and concerns for other are valued Time orientation- Whether a culture’s values are oriented toward the future (long term orientation) or toward the past and present (short term orientation) Diversity- all forms of individual differences including culture, gender, age, ability, religion, personality, social status, and sexual orientation Glass ceiling- A transparent barrier that keeps women from rising above a certain level in organizations Consequential theory- An ethical theory that emphasizes the consequences or results of behavior. Rule- Based theory- An ethical theory that emphasizes the character of the act itself rather than
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This note was uploaded on 08/18/2011 for the course MAN 336 taught by Professor Edwards during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Management Study guid - Chapter 1 Opportunities-Favorable...

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