Assignment-Psychology-and-Health-Problems

Assignment-Psychology-and-Health-Problems - PSYCHOLOGY AND...

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PSYCHOLOGY AND HEALTH Susan Rodgers Axia College
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Psychologists study the method theories of psychology and health in a multi-factorial approach to how the human mind makes use of biological factors. Environmental factors and current views of sociocultural factor theories, along with behavioral patterns, personality factors and a variety of stress factors all relate to human health and well-being. Included in the term biological factors are age, medical history, family illnesses, ethnicity and genetics. Put together, these factors give a multi-factorial picture that can help researchers to build a model that shows determinants for illness and a variety of ailments and show whether these are related to family heritage. For example, diabetes and cancer have been shown to run in families. Having family members with one of these diseases greatly increases an individual’s chances of developing the disease during their lifetime. The multi-factorial theory models also include environmental factors. These would such things as pollution, water quality and natural disasters. Pollution can contribute directly too many types of illness. Nevid and Rathus (2005) showed that carbon monoxide, which is a colorless, odorless gas present in cigarette smoke, auto fumes, and smog, decreases the blood’s oxygen- carrying capacity. It also affects the ability to learn and the perception of time. It can, according to Nevid and Rathus (2005) be a contributing factor in auto accidents. When meteorological conditions cause inversions, carbon monoxide and other harmful chemicals are held close to the ground under the inversion. During these times, urban residents are told to stay indoors and to reduce strenuous activities in an effort to reduce their intake of polluted air. The polluted
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air in these inversions is called smog. (Nevid and Rathus, 2005). Air pollution is one of the many environmental factors that can negatively influence human and animal health. Sociocultural factors are another element of the multi-factorial theory models. These are primarily socioeconomic factors and include family circumstances that dictate health prognosis, such as the family’s ability to provide preventative or appropriate health care at a facility. Lack of care is a rising concern in our current socioeconomic climate. The sociocultural factors are used
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This note was uploaded on 08/18/2011 for the course PSY 210 taught by Professor Williams during the Spring '10 term at University of Phoenix.

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Assignment-Psychology-and-Health-Problems - PSYCHOLOGY AND...

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