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Disorders and Therapies - Disorders and Therapies...

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Disorders and Therapies Psychotherapy is used to help people find the way their inner minds work by exploring the processes in all levels of consciousness, the id, the ego, and the super ego. The Theory of Psychodynamics was developed by Sigmund Freud. Psychodynamic Therapy can be defined as the process of identifying four characteristics to be essential for a psychologist to make a diagnosis in mentally ill patients. Free association, transference, and dream analysis can be used in process of psychodynamic therapy. However, doctors practicing Humanistic-Existential therapy use the patient-centered Gestalt therapy developed by Fritz Perls (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). These doctors use approaches such as role-playing, and talking out verbal internal conflicts. Unlike Psychodynamics, Humanistic- Existential therapy focuses on the experiences of the patient. Behavioral therapists use fear-reduction and operant conditioning procedures to help their patients develop the desired behavior changes (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). The doctor will teach the
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