IB2 - POLITICAL SYSTEMS JUAN CARLOS GARCA-PIA style Click...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 8/18/11 POLITICAL SYSTEMS JUAN CARLOS GARCÍA-PIÑA ROSETE
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8/18/11 Political Systems The political economy of a nation refers to how the political, economic, and legal systems of a country are interdependent; they interact and influence each other, and in doing so they affect the level of economic well-being
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8/18/11 Political Systems Political system refers to the system of government in a nation Political systems can be assessed according to two dimensions the degree to which they emphasize collectivism as opposed to individualism the degree to which they are democratic or totalitarian
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8/18/11 Collectivism And Individualism Collectivism refers to a political system that stresses the primacy of collective goals over individual goals Collectivism can be traced back to the Greek philosopher, Plato (427-347 BC), but in modern times, collectivism is equated with socialists
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8/18/11 Collectivism And Individualism Socialists advocate state ownership of the basic means of production, distribution, and exchange State-owned enterprises are managed to benefit society as a whole, rather than individual capitalists In the early 20th century, socialism split into: Communism – socialism can only be achieved
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8/18/11 Collectivism And Individualism By the mid-1990s, communism was in retreat worldwide Social democracy is also retreating as many countries move toward free market economies State-owned enterprises have been privatized
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8/18/11 Collectivism And Individualism Individualism refers to philosophy that an individual should have freedom in his own economic and political pursuits Individualism can be traced to Greek philosopher, Aristotle (384-322 BC), who argued that individual diversity and private ownership are desirable Under individualism, individual economic and political freedoms are the ground rules on which a society should be based
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8/18/11 Democracy And Totalitarianism Democracy refers to a political system in which government is by the people, exercised either directly or through elected representatives Totalitarianism is a form of government in which one person or political party exercises absolute control over all spheres of human life and prohibits opposing political parties Democracy is usually associated with individualism and communism is usually
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8/18/11 Democracy And Totalitarianism Pure democracy is based on the belief that citizens should be directly involved in decision making Most modern democratic states practice representative democracy where citizens periodically elect individuals to represent them
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Democracy And Totalitarianism There are four major forms of totalitarianism: Communist totalitarianism – found in states where the communist party monopolizes power Theocratic totalitarianism - found in states where political power is monopolized by a party, group, or individual that governs according to religious principles
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IB2 - POLITICAL SYSTEMS JUAN CARLOS GARCA-PIA style Click...

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