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Click to edit Master subtitle style 8/18/11 Culture Juan Carlos García-Piña Rosete
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8/18/11 Values And Norms Values provide the context within which a society’s norms are established and justified and form the bedrock of a culture Norms include folkways (the routine conventions of everyday life) and mores (norms that are seen as central to the functioning of a society and to its social life)
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8/18/11 Culture, Society, And The Nation-state There is not a strict one-to-one relationship between a society and a nation state Nation-states are political creations that can contain one or more cultures Similarly, a culture can embrace several nations
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8/18/11 The Determinants Of Culture The values and norms of a culture are the evolutionary product of a number of factors at work in a society including religion, political and economic philosophies, education, language, and social structure
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8/18/11 Social Structure Social structure refers to a society’s basic social organization Two dimensions to consider: the degree to which the basic unit of social organization is the individual, as opposed to the group the degree to which a society is stratified into classes or castes
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8/18/11 Individuals And Groups A group is an association of two or more people who have a shared sense of identity and who interact with each other in structured ways on the basis of a common set of expectations about each other’s behavior Societies differ in terms of the degree to which the group is viewed as the primary means of social organization
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8/18/11 Individuals And Groups In many Western societies, there is a focus on the individual, and individual achievement is common This contributes to the dynamism of the US economy, and high level of entrepreneurship But, leads to a lack of company loyalty and failure to gain company specific knowledge, competition between individuals in a company instead of than team building, and less ability to develop a strong network of contacts within a firm
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8/18/11 Individuals And Groups In many Asian societies, the group is the primary unit of social organization This may discourage job switching between firms, encourage lifetime employment systems, and lead to cooperation in solving business problems But, might also suppress individual creativity and initiative
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8/18/11 Social Stratification All societies are stratified on a hierarchical basis into social categories, or social strata
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