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Polymer00016 - (b Intercalated this state is formed by the...

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5 less attention has been paid to rubber/clay nanocomposites, especially some specialty elastomers, such as fluoroelastomers. Depending on compounding methods and the interfacial interactions between nanoclay and elastomer matrix, three main types of morphologies of elastomer-clay composites can be produced as shown in Figure 1.2 (Koo 2006): (a) Unintercalated: the regular layered structure (stack) of originally modified nanoclay is not disrupted, and nanoclay is dispersed like a regular particulate filler.
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Unformatted text preview: (b) Intercalated: this state is formed by the insertion of rubber chains between the nanoclay layers, the ordered structure of layers is retained. . (c) Exfoliated: In this state, individual layers of the nanoclay are completely delaminated and dispersed in the rubber matrix. The ordered structure of the layered nanoclay is lost. Figure 1.2 Schematic showing classifications of polymer/clay nanocomposites (Koo 2006)....
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