Unformatted text preview: Higher clay content led to slightly lower energy for both FS-clay and S-clay, while FS-clay showed a larger effect on reducing Ea than S-clay. Quaternary ammonium salt treated organoclay has been shown to decrease the activation energy of vulcanization and the reason has been ascribed to the accelerating effect of the quaternary ammonium salt (Paciorek, et al. 2003). FS-clay is also an organoclay prepared by treating original clay with a fluoroaliphatic quaternary ammonium, therefore, it is also able to accelerate the process. Moreover, the fluoroaliphatic tail of the ammonium on the surface of FS-clay increased its compatibility with the fluoroelastomer matrix, which improved the dispersion of FS-clay and therefore further promoted the vulcanization of the elastomer....
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- Spring '08
- FC, Ammonium, Quaternary ammonium cation, Fluoroelastomer Nanocomposites