Chapter 31 - A Second Global Conflict and the End of the European World Order

Chapter 31 - A Second Global Conflict and the End of the European World Order

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 31 A Second Global Conflict and the End of the European World Order I. Introduction A. World War II 1. Officially started in 1939 after decade of aggression 2. Aggression of Axis powers went unchecked - appeasement B. Failure to unite 1. Nationalism plus Red Fear/Scare of Soviets prevented early alliance 2. W/in each government disagreement on how to respond a. Some actually felt guilty about Versailles 3. League of Nations a joke a. Italy and Japan merely left the League after censured 4. Axis/Fascist leaders laughed at treaties - diplomacy a joke a. Brilliant method of delaying intervention of enemy II. Old and New Causes of a Second World War A. China vs. Japan 1. China looking stronger - Chiang Kai-shek uniting/defeating warlords a. Could Nationalist (Guomindang) party pose a threat b. Afraid Chinese would retake Manchuria 2. Japan gradually becomes militaristic B. Germany - Weimar Republic weak - blamed for Versailles 1. Great Depression made life look worse a. Adolf Hitler takes advantage b. Nazis made a ton of promises i. German people back to work ii. Ignore diktat of Versailles iii. Turn back Communist push a. Actually wants to enslave Slavic peoples 2. Steps to taking over Europe/becoming poweful a. Destroy parliament/political system > totalitarian b. Ignore diplomacy of Versailles c. Rearm/remilitarize i. Not afraid to bomb cities/use poison gas d. Forced union with Austria e. Annexation of Czechoslovakia C. Mussollini - big, bad Italian man gets courage to take over Ethiopia D. Spanish Civil War - becomes training ground for new weapons 1. Franco wins with Axis support, but doesn't help Axis in war III. Unchecked Aggression and the Coming of War in Europe and the Pacific A. Introduction 1. US, Britain, France appeasment a. Sacrifice small nations to protect themselves b. Fear of another world war c. Want to focus on welfare states, not military states 2. Japan first to attack - invaded China from Manchukuo a. Japanese moderate political leaders silenced i. Fear of assassination from military officers b. Initially quite successful, but when they lose, they get medieval i. Rape of Nanjing - horrific treatment of Chinese civilians - 1937 a. Symbolic beginning of horrific war of suffering
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
c. Japan and China in war for Asia far before 1941 3. Japan, Germany, Italy did not coordinate attacks 4. Germany needs to attack Soviet Union - lebensraum - living space a. First, signs nonaggression agreement with Soviets i. Buys time, splits Poland, can now invade from Poland 5. British/France declare war once Poland is attacked a. Prepare for another trench warfare, unfortunately Hitler doesn't play fair IV. The Conduct of a Second Global War A. Introduction 1. Hitler's victories stunningly fast a. West's reluctance to arm/react decisively 2. War shifts once Germans get stuck in Russian winter a. Anglo-American, Soviet alliance has more #s, industry, technology B. Nazi Blitzkrieg, Stalemate, and the Long Retreat 1. Blitzkrieg - lightning fast war
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 08/18/2011 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Troy during the Spring '11 term at Campbell.

Page1 / 7

Chapter 31 - A Second Global Conflict and the End of the European World Order

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online