Chapter 36 - Globalization and Resistance World History 1990-2003

Chapter 36 - Globalization and Resistance World History 1990-2003

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Chapter 36 The Final Chapter Globalization and Resistance: World History 1990-2003 I. Introduction A. Hey…this is the last chapter I’m taking notes on B. There’s a pretty good chance I’ll never take notes on a textbook again i. I hope you guys have found this beneficial ii. And now…it begins C. End of century i. End of communism ii. End of decolonialism movement iii. Offers rare opportunity for human improvement i. Spread of technology, medicine iv. Conversely, threatens social conflict/international confrontation D. Map looks a lot different – gone are empires, hello independent nation-states E. Opportunity for globalized economy i. Soviet bloc countries free at last i. Most communist, former communist countries join global economy ii. Creation of regional trade alliances iii. More power to international lending agencies F. Problems i. New wealth favors those already having wealth i. Already have capital, education, contacts ii. Middle class grew, but… iii. Total number of impoverished grew even faster G. Consumer culture takes off i. Working class men/women make consumer goods shipped to more affluent nations ii. Profits reaped by multicultural corporations – naughty McDonalds and Starbucks H. Ethnic groups and religious movements take off i. No longer kept quiet by dictator/authoritarian regime ii. Religious movements reject consumerism II. The End of the Cold War A. Introduction i. Now…I did tell you this is the last chapter i. Did I tell you that there are a lot of pages, and I’m not looking forward to this? ii. OK…back to the USSR falling apart iii. Do you guys even read the textbook anymore? ii. Why did the USSR fall apart? i. Conservative leadership intent on maintaining status quo ii. Pressure from surrounding areas a. Islamic fervor – Afghanistan and Iran i. Afghanistan war proved expensive and unpopular iii. Hard to hide W. Europe’s economic success a. Link through Poland – Catholic Church iv. China goes the pragmatist route – joins global market 1978 a. Leads to rapid investment and growth
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v. New US policy a. Gone was the liberal, humanitarian detentish Jimmy Carter b. Enters conservative, republican Ronald Reagan i. He’s brilliant – bankrupts Russian economy a. Increases US defense, Russia tries to keep up b. Welfare programs decrease, but Russia dies B. The Explosion of the 1980s and 1990s 1. Soviet economy falling apart i. Environmental destruction due to forced industrialization a. ½ agriculture land endangered b. Severe respiratory, diseases – infant mortality increases ii. Industrial production slows a. Health problems + rigid central planning + poor morale iii. Simultaneously – military spending increased C. The Age of Reform 1. Mikhail Gorbachev – man of reform i. Takes on Western behavior a. Fashionable clothes, open press conferences, stylish wife ii. Reduces nuclear arms a. Negotiated a deal with US on medium range missiles
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This note was uploaded on 08/18/2011 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Troy during the Spring '11 term at Campbell.

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Chapter 36 - Globalization and Resistance World History 1990-2003

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