BEM 4351 Unit V Hazardous Waste Remediation and Categorizing.docx

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Running head: CATEGORIZING AND REMEDIATION OF HAZARDOUS WASTE1Hazardous WasteColumbia Southern University
CATEGORIZING AND REMEDIATION OF HAZARDOUS WASTE2Hazardous WasteWaste is anything that is discarded and is no longer useful. There are certain wastes that are disposed of that can be harmful to the environment and must be regulated and disposed of with the environment and with people in mind. Solid Waste is define by the EPA as anything that is garbage or refuse like sludge from a wastewater treatment plant, a water supply treatment plant, or air pollution control facility along with any other discarded material. There are other waste products that are defined differently, so they are regulated and must be handled professionally. Hazardous Waste is a subcategory of solid waste and is defined as materials that are classified as solid waste but are potentially dangerous to the environment or people. The end result of hazardous waste can be acute or chronic illness, injury, or potentially death to human live and entire populations that are exposed to hazardous waste. (Nathanson and Schneider, pg 319. 2015). More so, when they are not stored, transported, or disposed of properly than can cause lasting and immediate adverse effects to the environment. As a society we produce huge amounts of hazardous waste through companies that manufacture chemicals, and oil refineries, just to name a few. The waste stream of the hazardous waste produced will be discussed along with the progress made by CERCLA also known as the Superfund.There are two different government entities that govern the federal management of hazardous waste RCRA and CERCLA. Resource Conservation & Recovery Act (RCRA) manages solid waste and hazardous waste at current facilities. Not only does RCRA manage the disposal and storage of facilities that generate hazardous materials, it is also regulates the transportation of hazardous waste. The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) focuses on the remediation and management of
CATEGORIZING AND REMEDIATION OF HAZARDOUS WASTE3facilities that is contaminated with hazardous substances, that has also been abandoned or not operating. (Institute for Tribal Environmental Professionals, (n.d.). The four main characteristics of a hazardous waste When the EPA is characterizing a hazardous waste they are looking for elements in the material that may pose a significant threat to the environment or humans. There are four established hazardous waste characteristics ignitability, corrosivity, reactivity, and toxicity. Ignitability hazardous waste characteristics includes:oLiquid waste with a flash point of below 60oC.oAny non-liquid that may cause a fire through specified conditions.

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