Chapter 10 - A New Civilization Emerges in Western Europe

Chapter 10 - A New Civilization Emerges in Western Europe -...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 10 A New Civilization Emerges in Western Europe I. Introduction A. Middle Ages – Medieval 1. Gradual recovery from Rome’s collapse 2. Growing interaction with other societies B. Spread of religious beliefs 1. Most polytheistic converted from Christianity 2. Some continued to believe in magic/supernatural spirits C. Knowledge from trade/invaders 1. Tools for new crops 2. European paper factory 3. Arabs – math, science, philosophy D. Took more from other nations than contributed – one-sided trade E. Two Images 1. Prejudice toward Europe – big, smelly, hairy lugs a. Newer to civilization b. Economy less advanced c. Manners less polished 2. Flashes of brilliance a. Thomas Aquinas – sum up knowledge of man, God, nature II. Stages of Postclassical Development A. Rome’s decline affected 1. Italy fragmented 2. commerce shrinking 3. Spain in hands of Muslims 4. Frequent invasions – Viking raids 5. Weak rulers 6. Subsistence agriculture 7. Literacy restricted to hierarchy/monasteries a. No additions, merely copied old manuscripts b. Couldn’t understand a lot of the philosophy they copied B. The Manorial System: Obligations and Allegiances 1. Manorialism – economic/political relation between lord and peasants 2. Serfs a. lived on self-sufficient manors b. received protection/justice from lords i. Military force c. gave part of goods/crops to lord d. worked monthly on lord’s land e. some could escape i. move to city/become wanderers f. production low – limited equipment i. Moldboard – curved metal ii. Three-fold system – fallow 3. Obligations a. For labor and land received i. ownership of houses ii. pass property rights to children C. The Church: Political and Spiritual Power
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1. Only solid, stable organization in Western Europe a. Copied structure of Roman Empire 1. Pope – Rome – top authority 2. Regional bishops 3. Supervised local priests 2. Role of pope 3. Conversions of leaders oftentimes to legitimate authority 4. Monasteries D. Charlemagne and His Successors 1. Northern France – Carolingians overtook Franks a. Charles Martel – Battle of Tours 732 – pushed back Muslims/stopped Spain b. Charles the Great – Charlemagne 1. Substantial empire in France/Germany 2. Restored church-based education 3. Intellectual activity gradually restored 4. Upon death, split empire among 3 grandsons a. Successors useless 2. Political history from here became regional monarchies a. no single language 1. Separate languages led to national identities - difference b. cultural unity around Church 3. Holy Roman Emperors for German/Italian section a. Rule hollow, means little, regional lords still controlled E. New Economic and Urban Vigor 1. New sources of strength a. new agricultural techniques 1. three-field 2. moldboard plow
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern