Chapter 13 - The Spread of Chinese Civilization Japan, Korea, and Vietnam

Chapter 13 - The Spread of Chinese Civilization Japan, Korea, and Vietnam

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Chapter 13 The Spread of Chinese Civilization: Japan, Korea, and Vietnam I. Introduction A. Neighbors of China borrow from Chinese achievements 1. Influenced North/West nomadic neighbors 2. Also influenced agrarian Japan, Korea, Vietnam 3. Buddhism played key role in transmission a. Indian ideas filtered through Chinese society/culture II. Japan: The Imperial Age A. Introduction 1. Overview a. 7 th and 8 th century attempt to borrow from China 1. army, bureaucracy, etiquette, art b. But…emperor’s sheltered 1. provincial leaders/warlords took over c. Plunged into civil wars from 12 th to 17 th century 2. Taika Reforms – copying Chinese administration a. Chinese characters/language adoption b. wrote history in dynastic terms c. court etiquette d. struggled to master Confucian ways e. worshipped Chinese style temples f. admired Buddhist art g. Buddhism blended with kami – Shinto B. Crisis at Nara and the Shift to Heian (Kytoto) 1. Army/bureaucratic ideas stopped by aristocratic families/Buddhist monks 2. Emperor can’t control Buddhist monks – influenced government a. Moves to Heian – monks just make monasteries in nearby hills b. Power given to aristocratic families c. Rank determined by birth, not merit d. Local leaders organized local militias C. Ultracivilized: Court Life in the Heian Era 1. Hyper structured rules of court a. Polite behavior always b. Every action known by everyone – put up a façade always c. Complex gardens/palaces 2. Literature a. Writing verse prioritized b. First novel – prose – Lady Murasaki’s The Tale of Genji 1. criticizes those who pursue aesthetic enjoyment 2. Shows how poised/cultured nobility must act 3. Females played unusually creative roll – avoided full Chinese influence D. The Decline of Imperial Power 1. 9 th century – Fujiwara clan influences emperor greatly a. Stacked courts b. Married into family c. Built up large estates 2. Monks equally build up power and domains E. The Rise of the Provincial Warrior Elites 1. Large landed estates come from
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a. aristocratic families b. Built up power – landowners, estate managers, local officials 2. Mini-kingdoms – like fiefdoms/manors in Europe a. small fortresses b. constant threat from neighboring lords c. self-sufficient – granaries, blacksmith, wells 3. Warrior leaders – bushi a. administered law, public works, collected revenue
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This note was uploaded on 08/18/2011 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Troy during the Spring '11 term at Campbell.

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Chapter 13 - The Spread of Chinese Civilization Japan, Korea, and Vietnam

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