Chapter 28 - Descent into the Abyss World War I and the Crisis of the European Global Order

Chapter 28 - Descent into the Abyss World War I and the Crisis of the European Global Order

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 28 Descent into the Abyss: World War I and the Crisis of the European Global Order I. Introduction A. WWI – Great War – key turning point in world history 1. Due to imperialism, European war spread throughout world a. Resources and manpower sucked in from across globe b. Japan/US join struggle for global dominance 2. Weakened or shattered existing global systems B. What led to conflict in different theaters 1. Western Front 2. Central/eastern Europe 3. Middle East 4. Sub-Saharan Africa C. To what extent did war undermine colonial empires and lead to end of European dominance? II. The Coming of the Great War A. Hostile Alliances and Armaments Races 1. Fear of Germany a. Industrial strength, military potential, aggressive leader – Wilhelm b. Led to alliances i. Triple Entente – Russia, France, Britain – two front war ii. Triple Alliance – Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy 1. Italy not that excited – doesn’t like Austria-Hungary i. Switches sides in 1915 2. Imperial rivalries getting stronger a. Prestige of nation linked to size of empire i. Ran out of areas to colonize 1. Climax – Morocco annex French – Germany tries stop b. Jingoism – super warlike nationalism – middle/working class caught up 3. Arms race a. Intense/costly b. Germany’s navy threatens Britain’s centuries control of seas c. Arms limitations agreements failed d. Constantly practiced maneuvers – moved troops – always prepared i. Pushed for preemptive strike e. Russia getting stronger 4. Foreign policy connected to domestic problems a. Business classes challenged by labor/lower classes b. Foreign wars distracts from domestic problems i. Can always say “Let’s ignore labor problems, for sake of nation” c. Proletariat/business owners benefit i. Poor/disenchanted have jobs ii. Industrialists get to make more products – win/win B. The Outbreak of the War 1. Balkans become center of crisis a. Ethnically diverse, wants independence, Russia supports Serbs b. July 1914 Gavriel Princip assassinates heir Archduke Ferdinand 2. Austro-Hungary assumes Germany will support – “blank check” a. Forces war – trying to maintain unquestioned monarchical status 3. Russians support Slavic brothers
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
4. Regional conflict turns continental – armies mobilized a. Inept diplomacy – letters from Wilhelm to Nicholas II b. War inevitable c. War could sort out tensions 5. Confusion – mobilization a threat or actual war a. Germany decides to strike first – avoid two-front war – Von Schlieffen 6. Germany goes through Belgium – Britain declares war a. All of Britain’s colonial holdings brought into war III. A World at War A. The War in Europe 1. Leads to stalemate – Germany’s quick strike fails a. German speed not enough for Belgium fighting, British support, France regroups b. Trench warfare – protection from artillery/machine guns c. Impossible to win d. New ways of dying – machine guns, artillery, poison gas, barbed wire 1. Rats/Lice-infested trenches
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 7

Chapter 28 - Descent into the Abyss World War I and the Crisis of the European Global Order

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online