Developmental Patterns in Early Childhood
Infancy – 1 month to 2 years
Early childhood – 2 to 6 years
Middle childhood – 6 to 11 years
Adolescence – 11/12 to 18/19 years
Early Adulthood – 18/19 to 40 years
Middle age – 40 to 60 years
Old age – 60 and above
26.2 PATTERNS OF DEVELOPMENT
Development, which essentially means change is the result of the complex
interactions between many processes – biological, social and cognitive.
The changes in appearances are natural. These
processes involve physical changes. Our genetic heritage, growth of body
organs, acquisition of motor skills, like cycling, driving, writing etc.; hormonal
changes such as moustach, gaining weight at puberty; all reflect the role of
biological processes in development.
These processes involve changes in thinking, intelligence
and language of the child. Perception, attention, forgetting, knowing,
understanding, problem solving, reasoning, memorizing, imagining, all reflect
These processes involve the changes in the child’s
relationship with other people, emotions and personality. These are also termed
as Psycho-social processes of behavior. The first smile of an infant, the
development of attachment between the mother and child, children learning to
share, to assert, to take turn, to play with others; all reflect social processes.
Love affection, liking-disliking, bellow- feeting all are social processes.
Try it yourself:
List 10 examples of cognitive, social and biological process in
INTEXT QUESTIONS 26.1