DEVELOPMENTAL PATTERNS IN EARLY CHILDHOOD

DEVELOPMENTAL PATTERNS IN EARLY CHILDHOOD - Developmental...

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61 PSYCHOLOGY Developmental Patterns in Early Childhood Notes OPTIONAL MODULE Facilitating Early Childhood Education 26 26 26 26 DEVELOPMENTAL PATTERNS IN EARLY CHILDHOOD D evelopment of a human being from a conception to a full grown adult is a subject that has fascinated people over generations. Not only is this knowledge useful as a tool for understanding self, but also for guiding the development of children. OBJECTIVES After studying this lesson, you will be able to: list the stages of the human life span; outline the various processes of development; describe the patterns of growth and development; name the common factors influencing development; and enumerate the characteristics of the early childhood child. 26.1 STAGES IN THE LIFE SPAN Human development can be better understood if we focus on its different stages while relating to the entire life span. The human life span can be divided into the following stages: 1. Prenatal period – Conception to birth 2. Period of the newborn– Birth to one month
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PSYCHOLOGY Developmental Patterns in Early Childhood Notes 62 OPTIONAL MODULE Facilitating Early Childhood Education 3. Infancy – 1 month to 2 years 4. Early childhood – 2 to 6 years 5. Middle childhood – 6 to 11 years 6. Adolescence – 11/12 to 18/19 years 7. Early Adulthood – 18/19 to 40 years 8. Middle age – 40 to 60 years 9. Old age – 60 and above 26.2 PATTERNS OF DEVELOPMENT Development, which essentially means change is the result of the complex interactions between many processes – biological, social and cognitive. 1. Biological processes: The changes in appearances are natural. These processes involve physical changes. Our genetic heritage, growth of body organs, acquisition of motor skills, like cycling, driving, writing etc.; hormonal changes such as moustach, gaining weight at puberty; all reflect the role of biological processes in development. 2. Cognitive processes: These processes involve changes in thinking, intelligence and language of the child. Perception, attention, forgetting, knowing, understanding, problem solving, reasoning, memorizing, imagining, all reflect cognitive processes. 3. Social processes: These processes involve the changes in the child’s relationship with other people, emotions and personality. These are also termed as Psycho-social processes of behavior. The first smile of an infant, the development of attachment between the mother and child, children learning to share, to assert, to take turn, to play with others; all reflect social processes. Love affection, liking-disliking, bellow- feeting all are social processes. Try it yourself: List 10 examples of cognitive, social and biological process in children. INTEXT QUESTIONS 26.1
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This note was uploaded on 08/19/2011 for the course ANATOMY 1409 taught by Professor Thomas during the Spring '11 term at Marquette.

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DEVELOPMENTAL PATTERNS IN EARLY CHILDHOOD - Developmental...

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